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Development of novel bioactive compounds against KRAS and/or BRAF mutant colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently an urgent need in oncology. In addition, single or multitarget kinase inhibitors against MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways are of potential therapeutic advantage. A new compound based on the benzothiophene nucleus was synthesized, based on previous important outcomes on other pharmaceutical preparations, to be tested as potential anticancer agent. Treatments by 2-5 μM DPS-2 of several CRC and melanoma cell lines bearing either BRAF or KRAS mutations have shown a remarkable effect on cell viability in 2D and 3D cultures. More detailed analysis has shown that DPS-2 can kill cancer cells by apoptosis, reducing at the same time their autophagy properties. After testing activities of several signaling pathways, the compound was found to have a dual inhibition of two major proliferative/survival pathways, MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT, in both CRC and melanoma, thus providing a mechanistic evidence for its potent anticancer activity. Antitumor activity of DPS-2 was further validated in vivo, as DPS-2 treatment of mouse xenografts of Colo-205 colorectal cancer cells remarkably reduced their tumor formation properties. Our findings suggest that DPS-2 has significant anti-KRAS/ anti-BRAF mutant CRC activity in preclinical models, potentially providing a novel treatment strategy for these difficult-to-treat tumors, which needs to be further exploited.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Translational oncology
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An inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, the rate limiting enzyme of the polyamine biosynthetic pathway.
A dual specificity phosphatase subtype that plays a role in intracellular signal transduction by inactivating MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES. It has specificity for EXTRACELLULAR SIGNAL-REGULATED MAP KINASES.
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