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Icephobic surfaces have a critical footprint on human daily lives ranging from aviation systems and infrastructures to energy systems, but creation of these surfaces for low-temperature applications remains elusive. Non-wetting, liquid-infused and hydrated surfaces have inspired routes for development of icephobic surfaces. However, high freezing temperature, high ice adhesion strength and subsequent ice accretion, low mechanical durability, and high production cost have restricted their practical applications. In this review, we provide a comprehensive definition for icephobicity through thermodynamics, heat transfer and mechanics of ice/water-material interface and elucidate physic-based routes through which nano-scale could help to achieve exceptional icephobic surfaces. Based on conservation laws, mathematical models are developed that accurately predict ice growth rate on various substrates and wind conditions. Through physics of fracture at ice-icephobic material interface, we cast a standard method for ice adhesion measurement that has the potential to eliminate discrepancies between reported ice adhesion from different laboratories. To assure long-time performance of icephobic surfaces, durability metrics need to be defined. We provide standard methods to examine mechanical, chemical, and environmental durability of icephobic surfaces. In the developed comprehensive framework on icephobicity in this review, performance of state-of-the-art icephobic surfaces are compared and main deficiencies in this field are highlighted.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advances in colloid and interface science
Atmospheric icing became a global concern due to hazardous consequences of ice accretion on air, land and sea transport and infrastructure. Icephobic surfaces due to their physicochemical properties f...
Figures 2 and 3 in the published version of this article contained a mistake. CCP and DCP should have been FEG and NFEG. Correct figures are presented here.
The global-first theory of topological perception claims that topological perception is prior to the perception of local features (e.g., Chen, 1982, 2005). Our previous studies demonstrated a hole sup...
The has been publishing the results of surveillance studies of malaria since 1995. The standard case definition uses Medical Event Reports and records of hospitalizations in counting cases of malari...
The bottom-up assembly of colloidal nanocrystals is a versatile methodology to produce composite nanomaterials with precisely tuned electronic properties. Beyond the synthetic control over crystal dom...
People with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are faced with significant metacognitive impairments that include difficulties in their ability to form complex representations of the self and...
MERIT-NHL as an addendum to the International Registry of Radioimmunotherapy (RIT registry) pooling clinical data of patients who suffered from a non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma also includes the ...
To investigate effects of soft, sand and hard surfaces on functional ability and falls in elderly with or without history of multiple falls.
Pressure injuries are a serious health care problem and affect millions of people. Most pressure injuries are avoidable with the application of best practices and with the use of appropria...
The endothelin receptor antagonist macitentan showed significant improvement compared with placebo in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) in inoperable...
A replica technique in which cells are frozen to a very low temperature and cracked with a knife blade to expose the interior surfaces of the cells or cell membranes. The cracked cell surfaces are then freeze-dried to expose their constituents. The surfaces are now ready for shadowing to be viewed using an electron microscope. This method differs from freeze-fracturing in that no cryoprotectant is used and, thus, allows for the sublimation of water during the freeze-drying process to etch the surfaces.
Joining metal pieces or parts together by melting the adjoining surfaces with heat, using a heat source such as a blowtorch or electric arc. The melted surfaces are then pressed together by hammering.
Figures or symbols identifying or representing organizations or societies.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...