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Mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease-1 (MASP-1), a multifunctional serine protease, plays an important role in innate immunity which is capable of activating the lectin pathway of the complement system and also triggering coagulation cascade system. In this study, a MASP-1 homolog (OnMASP-1) was identified from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and characterized at expression and inflammation functional levels. The open reading frame (ORF) of OnMASP-1 is 2187 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide of 728 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence has 6 characteristic structures, including two C1r/C1s-Uegf-BMP domains (CUB), one epidermal growth factor domain (EGF), two complement control protein domains (CCP) and a catalytic serine protease domain (SP). Expression analysis revealed that the OnMASP-1 was highly expressed in the liver, and widely exhibited in other tissues containing intestine, spleen and kidney. In addition, the OnMASP-1 expression was significantly up-regulated in spleen and head kidney following challenges with Streptococcus agalactiae and Aeromonas hydrophila. The up-regulations of OnMASP-1 mRNA and protein expression were also demonstrated in hepatocytes and monocytes/macrophages in vitro stimulation with S. agalactiae and A. hydrophila. Recombinant OnMASP-1 protein was likely to participate in the regulation of inflammatory and migration reaction by monocytes/macrophages. These results indicated that OnMASP-1, playing an important role in innate immunity, was likely to involve in host defense against bacterial infection in Nile tilapia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
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Mannose-binding lectin (MBL)-associated serine protease1 (MASP1) is the central enzyme in the innate immune system, which has biological functions of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Mo...
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High levels of mannose-binding lectin (MBL), an activator of a part of the immune system called the complement system, have been associated with increased mortality and risk of early signs...
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Serum serine proteases which participate in COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION. They are activated when complexed with the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN, therefore also known as Mannose-binding protein-Associated Serine Proteases (MASPs). They cleave COMPLEMENT C4 and COMPLEMENT C2 to form C4b2a, the CLASSICAL PATHWAY C3 CONVERTASE.
A specific mannose-binding member of the collectin family of lectins. It binds to carbohydrate groups on invading pathogens and plays a key role in the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN COMPLEMENT PATHWAY.
Complement activation triggered by the interaction of microbial POLYSACCHARIDES with serum MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN resulting in the activation of MANNOSE-BINDING PROTEIN-ASSOCIATED SERINE PROTEASES. As in the classical pathway, MASPs cleave COMPLEMENT C4 and COMPLEMENT C2 to form C3 CONVERTASE (C4B2A) and the subsequent C5 CONVERTASE (C4B2A3B) leading to cleavage of COMPLEMENT C5 and assembly of COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX.
A MANNOSE/GLUCOSE binding lectin isolated from the jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis). It is a potent mitogen used to stimulate cell proliferation in lymphocytes, primarily T-lymphocyte, cultures.
A subclass of lectins that are specific for CARBOHYDRATES that contain MANNOSE.
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