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Defects in interleukin-10 (IL10) and interleukin-10 receptors (IL10R) are closely related to very early onset (infantile) inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD). In the present study, we report a novel homozygous null mutation within interleukin-10 receptor B (IL10RB) gene in a child presenting with severe VEO-IBD. In accordance with previous reports, our patient manifested with chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, intermittent fever and multiple anal ulcers associated with Candidiasis. Homozygous null mutation within IL10RB gene (c.92C > T, p.S31P) affecting the extracellular domain of protein was discovered in this patient. In conclusion, the diagnosis of IL-10R gene mutations should always be considered as a possible cause of refractory diarrhea and failure to thrive. Mutation analysis could help detect the genetic defects associated with these clinical manifestations and to determine the most appropriate treatment option for patients affected by this disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
Very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) is often associated with monogenetic disorders. IL-10RA deficiency is one of the major causal mutations in VEO-IBD. Here, we aimed to identify the...
Children with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease represent a unique cohort, often with a severe phenotype that is refractory to conventional medications, and in some cases, have underlying pr...
Childhood onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is believed to be a more severe disease than adult-onset IBD, but there is little information on all-cause and cause-specific mortality in patients wit...
Introduction: In recent years there has been an increase in the incidence of new cases of inflammatory bowel disease in children, which is why research is underway to determine the likely predisposing...
This study has been set up in order to characterize phenotypes and genotypes of patients with early onset enteropathies. In that goal, Investigators will collect biological samples (mainl...
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To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a program in L-IBD patients using CE targeted biopsies
Autoimmune diseases affecting multiple endocrine organs. Type I is characterized by childhood onset and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, CHRONIC MUCOCUTANEOUS), while type II exhibits any combination of adrenal insufficiency (ADDISON'S DISEASE), lymphocytic thyroiditis (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE;), HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; and gonadal failure. In both types organ-specific ANTIBODIES against a variety of ENDOCRINE GLANDS have been detected. The type II syndrome differs from type I in that it is associated with HLA-A1 and B8 haplotypes, onset is usually in adulthood, and candidiasis is not present.
A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A syndrome characterized by multiple system abnormalities including DWARFISM; PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS; PREMATURE AGING; and HEARING LOSS. It is caused by mutations of a number of autosomal recessive genes encoding proteins that involve transcriptional-coupled DNA REPAIR processes. Cockayne syndrome is classified by the severity and age of onset. Type I (classical; CSA) is early childhood onset in the second year of life; type II (congenital; CSB) is early onset at birth with severe symptoms; type III (xeroderma pigmentosum; XP) is late childhood onset with mild symptoms.
An anti-inflammatory agent, structurally related to the SALICYLATES, which is active in INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE. It is considered to be the active moiety of SULPHASALAZINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed)
A species of Faecalbacterium, previously classified in the FUSOBACTERIUM genus, that is a major constituent of the GUT MICROBIOTA in healthy humans. It has anti-inflammatory activity and reduced numbers of this species occur in patients with INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES such as CROHN DISEASE.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...