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Candidiasis associated with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease: First IL10RB deficient case from the National Iranian Registry and review of the literature.

08:00 EDT 13th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Candidiasis associated with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease: First IL10RB deficient case from the National Iranian Registry and review of the literature."

Defects in interleukin-10 (IL10) and interleukin-10 receptors (IL10R) are closely related to very early onset (infantile) inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD). In the present study, we report a novel homozygous null mutation within interleukin-10 receptor B (IL10RB) gene in a child presenting with severe VEO-IBD. In accordance with previous reports, our patient manifested with chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, intermittent fever and multiple anal ulcers associated with Candidiasis. Homozygous null mutation within IL10RB gene (c.92C > T, p.S31P) affecting the extracellular domain of protein was discovered in this patient. In conclusion, the diagnosis of IL-10R gene mutations should always be considered as a possible cause of refractory diarrhea and failure to thrive. Mutation analysis could help detect the genetic defects associated with these clinical manifestations and to determine the most appropriate treatment option for patients affected by this disease.

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Name: Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
ISSN: 1521-7035
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Autoimmune diseases affecting multiple endocrine organs. Type I is characterized by childhood onset and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, CHRONIC MUCOCUTANEOUS), while type II exhibits any combination of adrenal insufficiency (ADDISON'S DISEASE), lymphocytic thyroiditis (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE;), HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; and gonadal failure. In both types organ-specific ANTIBODIES against a variety of ENDOCRINE GLANDS have been detected. The type II syndrome differs from type I in that it is associated with HLA-A1 and B8 haplotypes, onset is usually in adulthood, and candidiasis is not present.

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