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Combination chemotherapy now becomes the most standard cancer treatment protocol. Here, we present a core-shell type polymeric microgel (CSPM) which combines photodynamic and chemo therapeutic modalities in one-pot system. CSPM localizes in the malignant lesion after intratumoral injection, releases reactive oxygen species (ROS) and anticancer drug (5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine; DFCR) under the near-infrared (NIR) laser treatment. Pheophorbide A (PheoA)-linked poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (poly-HEMA) was designated to a ROS-generating core, and chemically covered with a chitosan shell. In addition, phenylboronic acid was employed in chitosan shells and linked to DFCR to form an ROS cleavable boronic ester. The core-shell structure of CSPM was determined by transmission electron microscopy. NIR-responsive photodynamic ROS generation was confirmed by the oxidative reduction of 9,10-dimethylanthracene (a fluorescent dye), and the cascadic release of DFCR by ROS was confirmed by a release study and a live and dead cell imaging study. Typically, poly-HEMA cored microgel increased its volume by 48.9-fold after absorption of body fluid. This swelling property ensured CSPM was retained in tumor tissues after subtumoral injection and the suitability of CSPM for locoregional phototherapy. The therapeutic effect of CSPM was attributed to the combined, cascadic deliveries of cytotoxic ROS and DFCR and confirmed by growth inhibition studies in in vitro pancreatic cancer cells and in vivo colon cancer mouse model.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society
In this study, spherical sandwich Au@Pd@UIO-67/Pt@UIO-n (n = 66, 67, 69) core-shell catalysts were assembled. Au nanoparticles (NPs) were used as the core for the epitaxial growth of Pd shells, and Au...
Bright and single band red-emitting NaErF4:Tm,Gd-based upconversion nanophosphors (UCNPs) were successfully synthesized by the formation of a core/intermediate shell/active shell structure. The NaErF4...
We report on experimental determination of the strain and bandgap of InAsP in epitaxially grown InAsP-InP core-shell nanowires. The core-shell nanowires are grown via metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy...
How to further increase the upconversion luminescence (UCL) efficiency of core-shell upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) is highly desirable for their photoelectric and bio-logical applications. Herein...
The development of heterostructure materials may lead to new features that cannot be obtained with natural materials. Here we simulate a model structurally hybrid core-shell nanoparticle with differen...
This study will be a prospective, non-randomized evaluation of the Tritanium® Primary Acetabular Shell for primary total hip replacement (THR) with a cementless application in a consecuti...
Patients having radiotherapy to their head and neck wear an immobilisation shell to prevent patient movement and improve treatment accuracy. These shells tend to cover the face and have th...
The purpose of this study is to review the performance and success rate of an FDA approved cementless hip replacement part called the Trident II Tritanium Acetabular Shell. The study will ...
The purpose of the Trident® II project is to introduce a cup system that modernizes and streamlines Stryker's acetabular shell portfolio. The Trident® II Clusterhole HA Shell combines th...
The primary objective of this study is to obtain implant survivorship and clinical outcomes data for the commercially available G7 BiSpherical Acetabular Shell.
Cell surface proteins that bind corticotropin-releasing hormone with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The corticotropin releasing-hormone receptors on anterior pituitary cells mediate the stimulation of corticotropin release by hypothalamic corticotropin releasing factor. The physiological consequence of activating corticotropin-releasing hormone receptors on central neurons is not well understood.
Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of 7-phospho-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-arabinoheptonate from phosphoenolpyruvate and D-erythrose-4-phosphate. It is one of the first enzymes in the biosynthesis of TYROSINE and PHENYLALANINE. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 184.108.40.206.
An enzyme of the isomerase class that catalyzes the eliminative cleavage of polysaccharides containing 1,4-linked D-glucuronate or L-iduronate residues and 1,4-alpha-linked 2-sulfoamino-2-deoxy-6-sulfo-D-glucose residues to give oligosaccharides with terminal 4-deoxy-alpha-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups at their non-reducing ends. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 220.127.116.11.
A spiral tube that is firmly suspended in the bony shell-shaped part of the cochlea. This ENDOLYMPH-filled cochlear duct begins at the vestibule and makes 2.5 turns around a core of spongy bone (the modiolus) thus dividing the PERILYMPH-filled spiral canal into two channels, the SCALA VESTIBULI and the SCALA TYMPANI.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...