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Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) produced by Komagataeibacter hansenii has received significant attention due to its unique supernetwork structure and properties. It is nevertheless necessary to modify bacterial nanocellulose to achieve materials with desired properties and thus with broader areas of application. The aim here was to influence the 3D structure of BNC by genetic modification of the cellulose producing K. hansenii strain ATCC 53582. Two genes encoding proteins with homology to the MotA and MotB proteins, which participate in motility and energy transfer, were selected for our studies. A disruption mutant of one or both genes and their respective complementation mutants were created. The phenotype analysis of the disruption mutants showed a reduction in motility, which resulted in higher compaction of nanocellulose fibers and improvement in their mechanical properties. The data strongly suggest that these genes play an important role in the formation of BNC membrane by Komagataeibacter species.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: New biotechnology
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The heritable modification of the properties of a competent bacterium by naked DNA from another source. The uptake of naked DNA is a naturally occuring phenomenon in some bacteria. It is often used as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.
Thin, hairlike appendages, 1 to 20 microns in length and often occurring in large numbers, present on the cells of gram-negative bacteria, particularly Enterobacteriaceae and Neisseria. Unlike flagella, they do not possess motility, but being protein (pilin) in nature, they possess antigenic and hemagglutinating properties. They are of medical importance because some fimbriae mediate the attachment of bacteria to cells via adhesins (ADHESINS, BACTERIAL). Bacterial fimbriae refer to common pili, to be distinguished from the preferred use of "pili", which is confined to sex pili (PILI, SEX).
Systems consisting of two enzymes, a modification methylase and a restriction endonuclease. They are closely related in their specificity and protect the DNA of a given bacterial species. The methylase adds methyl groups to adenine or cytosine residues in the same target sequence that constitutes the restriction enzyme binding site. The methylation renders the target site resistant to restriction, thereby protecting DNA against cleavage.
A protein cytokine secreted by tumor cells. It elicits increases in cell motility and phosphoinositide metabolism in the secreting cell via a pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein signal transduction pathway. It is closely related to PHOSPHOHEXOSE ISOMERASE; NEUROLEUKIN; and maturation factor.
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