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In the search for new antimicrobial molecules, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) offer a viable alternative to conventional antibiotics, as they physically disrupt the bacterial membranes, leading to membrane disruption and eventually cell death. In particular, the group of linear α-helical cationic peptides has attracted increasing research and clinical interest. The AMP P5 has been previously designed as a cationic linear α-helical sequence, being its antimicrobial and hemolytic properties also evaluated. In this work, we analyzed the feasibility of using P5 against a carbapenem-resistant clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, one of the most common and risky pathogens in clinical practice. After antimicrobial activity confirmation in in vitro studies, synergistic activity of P5 with meropenem was evaluated, showing that P5 displayed significant synergistic activity in a time kill curve assay. The ability of P5 to permeabilize the outer membrane of P. aeruginosa can explain the obtained results. Finally, the antibiofilm activity was investigated by viability analysis (MTT assay), crystal violet and confocal imaging, with P5 displaying mild biofilm inhibition in the range of concentrations tested. Regarding biofilm disruption activity, P5 showed a higher efficacy, interfering with biofilm structure and promoting bacterial cell death. Atomic force microscope images further demonstrated the peptide potential in P. aeruginosa biofilm eradication, confirming the promising application of P5 in multi-resistant infections therapeutics.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Biomembranes
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Forms of hepcidin, a cationic amphipathic peptide synthesized in the liver as a prepropeptide which is first processed into prohepcidin and then into the biologically active hepcidin forms, including in human the 20-, 22-, and 25-amino acid residue peptide forms. Hepcidin acts as a homeostatic regulators of iron metabolism and also possesses antimicrobial activity.
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A potent inhibitor of ADENOSINE DEAMINASE. The drug induces APOPTOSIS of LYMPHOCYTES, and is used in the treatment of many lymphoproliferative malignancies, particularly HAIRY CELL LEUKEMIA. It is also synergistic with some other antineoplastic agents and has immunosuppressive activity.
A 36-amino acid peptide present in many organs and in many sympathetic noradrenergic neurons. It has vasoconstrictor and natriuretic activity and regulates local blood flow, glandular secretion, and smooth muscle activity. The peptide also stimulates feeding and drinking behavior and influences secretion of pituitary hormones.
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...