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Based on Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE), the development of a label-free, simple and sensitive fluorometric aptasensor for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) detection is described. With ATP present, the aptamers will combine with ATP and the conformation of the aptamer will switch from a random coil to an antiparallel G-quadruplex, which impedes the digestion by exonuclease I (Exo I). Addition of 4,4 -(1E,1E)-2,2-(anthracene-9,10-diyl) bis (ethene-2,1-diyl) bis (N,N, N-trimethyl-benzenaminium iodide) (DSAI) into the solution will cause aggregation of DSAI on the surface of the aptamer/ATP complex and consequently give rise to strong emission. Additionally, a good linear relationship was observed under optimized conditions between the fluorescence intensities and the logarithm of ATP concentrations (R = 0.9908). The established aptamer sensor was highly sensitive and exhibited a low limit of detection of 32.8 nM, with superior specificity for ATP. It was also used in the quantification of ATP levels in human serum samples and demonstrated satisfactory recoveries in the scope of 93.2%-107.6%. The cellular ATP assay results indicated that the developed method can be used for monitoring ATP concentrations in cell extracts without the interference of other substances in the cells. This method offers several advantages such as simplicity, rapidity, low cost and excellent selectivity, which make it hold great potential for the detection of ATP in bioanalytical and biological studies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical biochemistry
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An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
1,N-6-Ethenoadenosine triphosphate. A fluorescent analog of adenosine triphosphate.
Membrane-bound proton-translocating ATPases that serve two important physiological functions in bacteria. One function is to generate ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE by utilizing the energy provided by an electrochemical gradient of protons across the cellular membrane. A second function is to counteract a loss of the transmembrane ion gradient by pumping protons at the expense of adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis.
A nucleoside that is composed of adenine and d-ribose. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.
Multisubunit enzymes that reversibly synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. They are coupled to the transport of protons across a membrane.
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...