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In deciphering the regulatory networks of gene expression controlled by the small non-coding RNAs known as microRNAs (miRNAs), a major challenge has been with the identification of the true mRNA targets by these RNAs within the context of the enormous numbers of predicted targets for each of these small RNAs. To facilitate the system wide identification of miRNA targets a variety of system wide methods, such as proteomics, have been implemented. Here we describe the utilization of quantitative label-free proteomics and bioinformatics to identify the most significant changes to the proteome upon expression of the miR-23a-27a-24-2 miRNA cluster. In light of recent work leading to the hypothesis that only the most pronounced regulatory events by miRNAs may be physiologically relevant, our data reveals that label-free analysis circumvents the limitations of proteomic labeling techniques that limit the maximum differences that can be quantified. The result of our analysis identifies a series of novel candidate targets that are reduced in abundance by more than an order of magnitude upon the expression of the miR-23a-27a-24-2 cluster.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire
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A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used in the evaluation of regional cerebral blood flow and in non-invasive dynamic biodistribution studies and myocardial imaging. It has also been used to label leukocytes in the investigation of inflammatory bowel diseases.
The practice of prescribing or using a drug outside the scope of the drug's official approved label as designated by a regulatory agency concerning the treatment of a particular disease or condition.
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of large biomolecules. Analyte molecules are embedded in an excess matrix of small organic molecules that show a high resonant absorption at the laser wavelength used. The matrix absorbs the laser energy, thus inducing a soft disintegration of the sample-matrix mixture into free (gas phase) matrix and analyte molecules and molecular ions. In general, only molecular ions of the analyte molecules are produced, and almost no fragmentation occurs. This makes the method well suited for molecular weight determinations and mixture analysis.
A technique for analysis of the chemical composition of molecules. A substance is bombarded with monochromatic ELECTRONS. Some of the electrons passing through the specimen will lose energy when they ionize inner shell electrons of the atoms in the specimen. The energy loss is element dependent. Analysis of the energy loss spectrum reveals the elemental composition of a specimen. ENERGY-FILTERED TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY is a type of electron energy loss spectroscopy carried out in electron microscopes specially outfitted to analyze the spectrum of electron energy loss.
Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.
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