Invited Review: IPCC, Agriculture and Food - A Case of Shifting Cultivation and History.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Invited Review: IPCC, Agriculture and Food - A Case of Shifting Cultivation and History."

Since 1990 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has produced five Assessment Reports (ARs), in which agriculture as the production of food for humans via crops and livestock have featured in one form or another. A constructed data base of the ca. 2,100 cited experiments and simulations in the five ARs were analysed with respect to impacts on yields via crop type, region and whether or not adaptation was included. Quantitative data on impacts and adaptation in livestock farming have been extremely scarce in the ARs. The main conclusions from impact and adaptation are that crop yields will decline but that responses have large statistical variation. Mitigation assessments in the ARs have used both bottom-up and top-down methods but need better to link emissions and their mitigation with food production and security. Relevant policy options have become broader in later ARs and included more of the social and non-production aspects of food security. Our overall conclusion is that agriculture and food security, which are two of the most central, critical and imminent issues in climate change, have been dealt with in an unfocussed and inconsistent manner between the IPCC five ARs. This is partly a result of agriculture spanning two IPCC working groups but also the very strong focus on projections from computer crop simulation modelling. For the future, we suggest a need to examine interactions between themes such as crop resource use efficiencies and to include all production and non-production aspects of food security in future roles for integrated assessment models. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Global change biology
ISSN: 1365-2486


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [23511 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Status of research, regulations and challenges for genetically modified crops in India.

A large number of genetically modified (GM) crops, including both food and non-food crops carrying novel traits have been developed and released for commercial agriculture production. Soybean, maize, ...

Reducing the carbon footprint per unit of economic benefit is a new method to accomplish low-carbon agriculture. A case study: Adjustment of the planting structure in Zhangbei County, China.

The development of low-carbon agriculture is promising for mitigating climate change. This study used the adjustments to the planting structure in Zhangbei County, China, as an example to evaluate whe...

Complex coacervation: Principles, mechanisms and applications in microencapsulation.

Complex coacervation is a highly promising microencapsulation technique that is extensively employed in pharmaceutical, food, agriculture and textile industries. The process involves the interaction o...

Survival and Internalization of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 Sprayed onto Different Cabbage Cultivars during Cultivation in Growth Chambers.

Cabbage may become contaminated with enteric pathogens during cultivation. Using multiple cabbage cultivars at two maturity stages (small plants or plants with small heads) in growth chamber studies, ...

A review of indirect NO emission factors from agricultural nitrogen leaching and runoff to update of the default IPCC values.

Indirect NO emissions from agricultural nitrogen (N) leaching and runoff in water bodies contribute significantly to the global atmospheric NO budget. However, considerable uncertainty regarding this ...

Clinical Trials [5674 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Food and Nutrition Education in Quilombolas Communities With Food Insecurity: Multi-sector Intervention

To optimize the food security in quilombolas communities with high prevalence of food insecurity and obesity, the present study proposes to test a multi-sector intervention including agric...

Bioavailability of Proteins From Plant Based Diets

The quality of protein intake has an important role within the nutritional needs of people throughout their lives around the world, particularly in developing countries and in particular d...

Compassion Cultivation Training for Nurses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a Compassion Cultivation Training (CCT) program for oncology nurses at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center. The g...

Food and Agricultural Approaches to Reducing Malnutrition

The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of reducing young child undernutrition in low-income countries through an integrated program that trains women's groups in agriculture, n...

Women's Work in Agriculture and Infant Nutrition

Background Over the last 10 years there has been an increase in the female agriculture labour force, in Pakistan, resulting in a feminisation of agriculture; which could have either a posi...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.

The science and application of techniques for the extraction of raw materials, provision of services, manufacture of goods, cultivation of crops, and raising of livestock.

A reference measure of food used to identify the calorie and nutrient content in a particular amount of that food. It is defined by an authoritative source, such as the Food Guide Pyramid devised by the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. It is different from PORTION SIZE, which is the amount of food one chooses to eat at a single meal.

The amount of a particular food one chooses to eat at a single meal. It is different from SERVING SIZE, which is a reference amount of food as defined by an authoritative source, such as the Food Guide Pyramid devised by the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.

An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

GMO Crops
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Organisms that have been genetically modified include micro-organisms such as bacteria and yeast, insects, plants, fish, an...

Searches Linking to this Article