Attentional Control Explains Covariation Between Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Anxiety During Adolescence.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Attentional Control Explains Covariation Between Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Anxiety During Adolescence."

Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety are common during adolescence and frequently co-occur. However, the genetic and environmental influences that underlie this co-occurrence are understudied. Using a large twin sample (N = 1,017), we examined cross-sectional genetic and environmental influences on ADHD and anxiety symptoms during childhood. We also explored whether these influences were shared with attentional control, a putative mechanism for symptom comorbidity. We found evidence for common genetic and nonshared environmental influences on the covariation among attentional control, ADHD, and anxiety symptoms, supporting the putative role of attentional control as a mechanism by which comorbid problems may develop. Genetic factors also accounted for symptom co-occurrence after controlling for covariation with attentional control, suggesting the presence of additional unmeasured mechanisms.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of research on adolescence : the official journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
ISSN: 1532-7795


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16292 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Differences in early visual cerebral processing in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorders with predominance of no attention.

To evaluate attentional processes to visual stimuli that do not require motor response, a study with evoked potentials was carried out on 17 children with attention deficit disorder predominantly inat...

Diving and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric condition that affects attention, concentration, impulse control and awareness. Not only these symptoms, but also the medications used ...

Are age-related deficits in route learning related to control of visual attention?

Typically aged adults show reduced ability to learn a route compared to younger adults. In this experiment, we investigate the role of visual attention through eye-tracking and engagement of attention...

ADHD Symptoms and Sex Moderate the Relation Between Protective Behavioral Strategies and Alcohol Use Among Treatment-Mandated College Students.

College students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder are likely to engage in alcohol use and experience alcohol-related problems. Use of protective behavioral strategies is related to fewer ...

Parent-clinician agreement in rating the presence and severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

We determined the validity of a parent-report questionnaire as a research tool for rating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children. Using Cohen's kappa and Pearson correlat...

Clinical Trials [7340 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Training Attentional Awareness and Control in ADHD

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of different types of cognitive training on attention in adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) using mobile softw...

Atomoxetine for Children With Acquired Attentional Disorders Following Completion of Chemotherapy for ALL

This study is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trial of atomoxetine (1.8 mg/kg) for the management of chemotherapy-related acquired attentional disorders in children who ...

Psychometric Validation of the Competitive Attention Test

This project aims at validating a new neuropsychological test to measure voluntary and involuntary attention for clinical use to diagnose attentional deficits. This project proposes: ...

Neural Mechanisms of Attention Lapses in Adult ADHD

ADHD is a common disorder, leading to a significant disability that often persists in adulthood. ADHD is characterized by attentional disturbances that are difficult to asses with standard...

A 14 Week Study of Mindfulness Effects on Attentional Control in Older Adults

Attentional control, or individuals' ability to choose which stimuli in the environment they attend to and which they ignore, declines with older age. Studies from the past two decades sug...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.

A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)

Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.

A propylamine derivative and selective ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of attention-deficit disorders in children and for narcolepsy. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...

Searches Linking to this Article