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Early detection of colorectal cancer and monitoring the progress in colon carcinogenesis stages is essential to reduce mortality. Therefore, there is continuous search for noninvasive biomarkers with high stability and good sensitivity and specificity. miRNAs have attracted attention as promising biomarkers as they are stably expressed in circulation. The aim of our study is to evaluate the aberrant expression of circulating miRNAs during the stepwise progress of colitis-associated colon cancer. This was accomplished through assessing the expression levels of five miRNAs (miR-141, miR-15b, miR-17-3p, miR-21, and miR-29a) in serum and their corresponding tissue samples through the different cycles of colorectal carcinogenesis cascade using the azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium murine model. We also compared the diagnostic performance of these selected miRNAs with the conventional tumor biomarkers CEA and CA 19-9. The results of our study revealed that the expression levels of those miRNAs were dynamically changing in accordance with the tumor development state. Moreover, their aberrant expression in serum was statistically correlated with that in tissue. Our data also revealed that serum miR-15b, miR-21, and miR-29a showed the best performance in terms of diagnostic power. Our findings highlight the efficiency of these circulating miRNAs not only for early diagnostics purposes, but also for monitoring progress in the colorectal carcinogenesis process, and therefore encouraging integrating these noninvasive biomarkers into the clinical diagnostic settings beside the traditional diagnostic markers for accurate screening of the early progress of colon carcinogenesis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cellular biochemistry
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A condition characterized by chronic watery DIARRHEA of unknown origin, a normal COLONOSCOPY but abnormal histopathology on BIOPSY. This syndrome was first described in 1980 by Read and associates. Subtypes include COLLAGENOUS COLITIS and LYMPHOCYTIC COLITIS. Both have similar clinical symptoms and are distinguishable only by histology.
An index for monitoring the accumulation of lipids based on the WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE measurement and the level of TRIGLYCERIDES circulating in the blood.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs, 21-25 nucleotides in length generated from single-stranded microRNA gene transcripts by the same RIBONUCLEASE III, Dicer, that produces small interfering RNAs (RNA, SMALL INTERFERING). They become part of the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX and repress the translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of target RNA by binding to homologous 3'UTR region as an imperfect match. The small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), let-7 and lin-4, from C. elegans, are the first 2 miRNAs discovered, and are from a class of miRNAs involved in developmental timing.
An early growth response transcription factor that is essential for the development of MUSCLE SPINDLES.
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