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The determination of cocaine (COC) and its metabolites ecgonine methyl ester (EME), benzoylecgonine (BZE), norcocaine (NCOC) and cocaethylene (CE) in human plasma is relevant in clinical and forensic toxicology. An efficient extraction and clean-up of plasma specimens for the simultaneous determination of BZE along with COC and basic metabolites is challenging due to their widely different polarities and ionization characteristics. Recently, biocompatible SPME LC tips C18 became commercially available. We applied SPME LC tips C18 to the simultaneous extraction of COC, BZE, EME, NCOC, and CE by direct immersion of the fiber in plasma diluted with a buffer at pH 8.0. Analytes were desorbed from the fiber to methanol containing formic acid and injected into a UPLC-MS/MS system. The assay was linear from 5 to 500 ng mL-1. Precision assays presented CV% in the range of 2.22 to 10.54%, and accuracy was in the range of 93.4-108.1%. The assay requires minimal quantities of plasma and organic solvents, allowing multiple extractions in parallel. Biocompatible SPME is a promising alternative for preparing biological samples prior to drug measurement by UPLC-MS/MS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of analytical toxicology
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