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Effect of Cryopreservation on Casa Characteristics, Mitochondrial Transmembrane Potential, Plasma and Acrosome Integrities, Morphology and in vivo Fertility of Buffalo Bull Spermatozoa.

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Summary of "Effect of Cryopreservation on Casa Characteristics, Mitochondrial Transmembrane Potential, Plasma and Acrosome Integrities, Morphology and in vivo Fertility of Buffalo Bull Spermatozoa."

Application of frozen-thawed semen is an important tool for improving the vivo fertility, but the process of freezing and thawing causes significant damage to spermatozoa.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cryo letters
ISSN: 0143-2044
Pages: 173-180

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.

A ubiquitous membrane transport protein found in the plasma membrane of diverse cell types and tissues, and in nuclear, mitochondrial, and Golgi membranes. It is the major integral transmembrane protein of the erythrocyte plasma membrane, comprising 25% of the total membrane protein. It exists as a dimer and performs the important function of allowing the efficient transport of bicarbonate across erythrocyte cell membranes in exchange for chloride ion.

The voltage difference, normally maintained at approximately -180mV, across the INNER MITOCHONDRIAL MEMBRANE, by a net movement of positive charge across the membrane. It is a major component of the PROTON MOTIVE FORCE in MITOCHONDRIA used to drive the synthesis of ATP.

Potassium channel whose permeability to ions is extremely sensitive to the transmembrane potential difference. The opening of these channels is induced by the membrane depolarization of the ACTION POTENTIAL.

The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.

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