Social selection in historical time: The case of tuberculosis in South Korea after the East Asian financial crisis.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Social selection in historical time: The case of tuberculosis in South Korea after the East Asian financial crisis."

The perspectives of social selection and causation have long been debated. Social selection theory is as "social" as social causation theory, since all diseases are social and no biological process occurs outside society. To identify the social selection pathway and historical juncture affected by socioeconomic and political changes, we investigated the reciprocal impact of suffering from tuberculosis (TB) on the current socioeconomic position (SEP), stratified by childhood SEP. We also examined the extent to which the social consequences of ill health changed since the East Asian economic downturn. Data were collected for 2007-2012 from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. To identify associations between TB history and current household income (HHI), we constructed an ordinal logistic regression model adjusted for covariates, including age, gender, educational attainment, and job status. We adopted a recursive regression model to examine trend changes in this association from 1980-2012 to 2003-2012. Of 28,136 participants, 936 had experienced TB. In the first ordinal logistic regression, the TB group was more likely to have lower HHI than the non-TB group. The odds ratios (ORs) increased from 1.30 (1980-2012) to 1.86 (2003-2012) for the TB group, increasing their probability of having low HHI. Among the low childhood SEP group, the TB group's probability of having low HHI was 1.35 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16-1.57) during 1980-2012, which increased to 2.01 (95%
1.37-2.95) during 2003-2012. For the high childhood SEP group, the TB group's OR range fluctuated, similar to that for the non-TB group. The results support the social selection pathway from TB history to adverse impact on current SEP. Our study identified downward social mobility due to TB history among the low childhood SEP group. Moreover, negative social consequences deteriorated since the East Asian economic crisis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0217055


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [25440 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Time to appropriate treatment in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in South Korea: Are we still in 2010?

This study investigated the time to appropriate treatment and factors affecting late treatment initiation in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in South Korea.

A Pilot Project of Systematic Tuberculosis Screening in the Elderly in a South Korean Province.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major infectious disease in South Korea causing substantial disease burden, particularly in the elderly. This study aimed to identify the case detection rate of mobile TB screen...

Food price trends in South Korea through time series analysis.

This study analyzed the relative time trends of prices of healthy versus unhealthy foods in South Korea for the 20 years from 1995 to 2015.

A paleopathological approach to early human adaptation for wet-rice agriculture: The first case of Neolithic spinal tuberculosis at the Yangtze River Delta of China.

The earliest evidence of human tuberculosis can be traced to at least the early dynastic periods, when full-scaled wet-rice agriculture began or entered its early developmental stages, in circum-China...

The cost-effectiveness of medication, laser trabeculoplasty, and trabeculectomy for treatment of open-angle glaucoma in South Korea.

Open-angle glaucoma (OAG) imposes high disease burden in South Korea. Although various effective interventions are available to manage the progression of OAG, there is limited data on the cost-effecti...

Clinical Trials [7611 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Post Marketing Surveillance Study for ONIVYDE® in South Korea

The purpose of this study is to characterize the safety of ONIVYDE when used under standard clinical practice in South Korea; and to describe effectiveness in patients receiving ONIVYDE in...

Coronary Bifurcation Stenting (COBIS) Registry in South Korea

The COBIS registry is multi-center, real-world registry of drug-eluting stenting in coronary bifurcation lesions in South Korea. The aim of the study was to find out the current status of...

Effects of a Nurse-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy on Adherence and Depressive Symptoms in HIV Infected Persons of South Korea

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has repeatedly been found to effectively treat depression in adult populations, and CBT for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) is an effective treatment fo...

Improving Community Based Tuberculosis Care in Ethiopia

The purpose of this study is to see if involving community health workers improves tuberculosis case finding and treatment outcome.

Screening for Glaucoma in Namil Area, South Korea

The purpose of this study is to study the prevalence of glaucoma in Korea, the investigators selected Namil area in Geumsan city, located in central Korea. The residents aged over 40 in th...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.

The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.

The capital of SOUTH KOREA.

The historic designation for scrofula (TUBERCULOSIS, LYMPH NODE). The disease is so called from the belief that it could be healed by the touch of a king. This term is used only for historical articles using the name "king's evil", and is to be differentiated from scrofula as lymph node tuberculosis in modern clinical medicine. (From Webster, 3d ed)

The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Biological Therapy
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...

Tuberculosis TB
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Over nine million new cases of TB, and nearly two million deaths from TB, are estimated to occur around the world every year, and new inf...

Searches Linking to this Article