Advertisement

Topics

Genetic effects on the efficiency and responsiveness to phosphorus use in popcorn as estimated by diallel analysis.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Genetic effects on the efficiency and responsiveness to phosphorus use in popcorn as estimated by diallel analysis."

Agricultural expansion and the need for sustainable cultivation are challenges faced by researchers involved in the generation of new cultivars that can adapt to abiotic stress. Knowledge of the genetic effects of characteristics related to efficiency and responsiveness to phosphorus use must be considered when implementing methods to obtain better genotypes. The aim of this study was to characterize and select popcorn hybrids based on their efficiency and responsiveness to phosphorus use, and estimate their combining abilities and genetic effects via diallel analysis to implement improvement programs for sustainable agriculture. Eight contrasting inbred lines were used to obtain simple hybrids for diallel analysis. Twenty-eight diallelic hybrids plus the popcorn parental lines were evaluated at two different sites under two contrasting environments for soil phosphorus availability (6 × 6 lattice design). Grain yield, popping expansion, and volume of expanded popcorn per hectare were measured. A combined analysis of variance and a test of means were performed. The classification and utilization of the phosphorus use efficiency index, according to the grain yield performance of the hybrids under contrasting environments, was considered. Through model 2 of the Griffing's diallel analysis method, the general and specific combining abilities were estimated, along with their environmental interactions. The best strategy to obtain genotypes that are efficient and responsive to phosphorus involves exploring popcorn hybrids using genitors that result in the accumulation of additive genes that promote popping expansion. Hybrids P7 × L80, P7 × L59, P7 × L76, and P6 × L80 presented promising results and may be evaluated as cultivation options in phosphorus-deficient soils.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0216980

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [25045 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Esophageal Doppler Can Predict Fluid Responsiveness Through End-Expiratory and End-Inspiratory Occlusion Tests.

To assess whether, in patients under mechanical ventilation, fluid responsiveness is predicted by the effects of short respiratory holds on cardiac index estimated by esophageal Doppler.

Greater lateral root branching density in maize improves phosphorus acquisition from low phosphorus soil.

The development of crops with better growth under suboptimal phosphorus availability would improve food security in developing countries while reducing environmental pollution in developed countries. ...

Molecular insights into the mechanism and the efficiency-structure relationship of phosphorus removal by coagulation.

Types and structures of phosphorus compounds influence the removal of phosphorus by coagulation. Until now, the molecular-level interaction between coagulants and phosphorus (especially organophosphat...

Purification effects of amended bioretention columns on phosphorus in urban rainfall runoff.

In order to develop bioretention fillers with better phosphorus removal capacity, we built 12 bioretention columns with six kinds of modified fillers, and analyzed the operation effects of the columns...

A novel high-density grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) integrated linkage map using GBS in a half-diallel population.

A half-diallel population involving five elite grapevine cultivars was generated and genotyped by GBS, and highly-informative segregation data was used to construct a high-density genetic map for Viti...

Clinical Trials [6090 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

the Regulation of Phosphorus Homeostasis by Dietary Phosphorus Intake in Normal Men

We have conducted the study about the effects of normal diet and low-phosphorus diet on phosphorus homeostasis in healthy subjects, now this study is designed to explore further about the ...

Phosphorus 32 in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme

RATIONALE: Radioactive drugs such as phosphorus 32 may be able to kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of phosphorus 32 in treating pat...

Phosphate Intake's Effect on the Skeletal System - Pilot

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of different amounts of phosphorus in the diet on hormones that control phosphorus and bone health both in men who are healthy and in ...

Genetic Basis for Prediction of Non-responders to Dietary Plant Sterol Intervention

The objective of the present Mitacs project is to determine and utilize information on associations between genetic predisposition pertaining to multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (S...

Velocity Time Integral vs PICCO for Evaluation of Passive Leg Raising in Septic Shock

The objective of the present study is to investigate accuracy of changes in cardiac output following passive leg raising as estimated by transthoracic ultrasound as method to predict fluid...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Stable phosphorus atoms that have the same atomic number as the element phosphorus, but differ in atomic weight. P-31 is a stable phosphorus isotope.

The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.

Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.

Unstable isotopes of phosphorus that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. P atoms with atomic weights 28-34 except 31 are radioactive phosphorus isotopes.

Inorganic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Stress
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...


Searches Linking to this Article