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Intrinsic tumor necrosis factor-α pathway is activated in a subset of patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Intrinsic tumor necrosis factor-α pathway is activated in a subset of patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis."

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is frequently found in biopsies of patients with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). The pathogenesis of SRNS/FSGS is often unknown and the disease will recur in up to 50% of patients post-transplant, indicating the presence of circulating podocyte-toxic factor(s). Several studies have reported clinical improvement after anti-TNFα therapy. However, prediction of the clinical outcome in SRNS/FSGS is difficult, and novel predictive biomarkers are needed. An image-based assay, which measures disassembly of focal adhesion complexes in cultured podocytes, was used to ascertain the presence of podocyte toxic activity in SRNS/FSGS sera. Expression of TNFα pathway genes was analysed in the Nephroseq FSGS cohort and in cultured podocytes treated with SRNS/FSGS sera. Podocyte toxic activity was detected in 48/96 SRNS/FSGS patients. It did not correlate with serum TNFα levels, age, sex, ethnicity or glomerular filtration rate. In ~25% of the toxic samples, the toxicity was strongly inhibited by blockade of TNFα signaling. Transcriptional profiling of human FSGS biopsies and podocytes treated with FSGS sera revealed significant increases in expression of TNFα pathway genes. We identified patients with serum podocyte toxic activity who may be at risk for FSGS recurrence, and those patients in whom serum podocyte toxicity may be reversed by TNFα blockade. Activation of TNFα pathway genes occurs in podocytes of FSGS patients suggesting a causative effect of this pathway in response to circulating factor(s). In vitro analyses of patient sera may stratify patients according to prognostic outcomes and potential responses to specific clinical interventions.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0216426

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A secreted tumor necrosis factor receptor family member that has specificity FAS LIGAND and TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPERFAMILY MEMBER 14. It plays a modulating role in tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway.

A tumor necrosis factor receptor subtype that has specificity for TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR ALPHA and LYMPHOTOXIN ALPHA. It is constitutively expressed in most tissues and is a key mediator of tumor necrosis factor signaling in the vast majority of cells. The activated receptor signals via a conserved death domain that associates with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.

Activated form of factor XI. In the intrinsic pathway, Factor XI is activated to XIa by factor XIIa in the presence of cofactor HMWK; (HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT KININOGEN). Factor XIa then activates factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of calcium.

Activated form of factor IX. This activation can take place via the intrinsic pathway by the action of factor XIa and calcium, or via the extrinsic pathway by the action of factor VIIa, thromboplastin, and calcium. Factor IXa serves to activate factor X to Xa by cleaving the arginyl-leucine peptide bond in factor X.

A tumor necrosis factor receptor subtype with specificity for TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPERFAMILY MEMBER 15. It is found in tissues containing LYMPHOCYTES and may play a role in regulating lymphocyte homeostasis and APOPTOSIS. The activated receptor signals via a conserved death domain that associates with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.

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