Assessment, control, and prevention of microbiological and chemical hazards in seasonal swimming pools of the Versilia district (Tuscany, central Italy).

08:00 EDT 1st June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Assessment, control, and prevention of microbiological and chemical hazards in seasonal swimming pools of the Versilia district (Tuscany, central Italy)."

Although in Europe the quality of swimming pools (SPs) is dictated by regulations, microbiological and chemical hazards are described in the literature. Environmental bacteria or toxic disinfection by-product (DBP) compounds may indeed be recovered in waters even after disinfection. We evaluated the water quality from 26 outdoor seasonal SPs of the Versilia district, according to requirements of Regional Decree 54R/2015. In spring 2017, supply and reinstatement waters were collected after shock hyperchlorination (10 mg/L) while in summertime, a second sampling of waters before entering the pools, as well as in the pools, was performed after SPs were open to the public. In all samples, microbiological and chemical parameters were determined as defined by Directive 98/83/EC and the Italian Health Ministry. Microbiological data were within suggested limits. The first chemical analyses showed that in 35% of the feeding-pool seawater samples, the halogenated organic compounds were higher than the maximum permissible concentrations (30 μg/L). Pool waters were then dechlorinated and re-treated with hydrogen peroxide (10 mg/L) to ensure the abatement of DBPs (from 164 ± 107 to 0.9 ± 0.8 μg/L; p = 0.002). Results highlighted the need of self-controlled procedures for the SPs waters to prevent waterborne diseases and suggested hydrogen peroxide as the most appropriate disinfection method.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of water and health
ISSN: 1477-8920
Pages: 490-498


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [23119 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Assessment of ability of professionals in parasitic disease control and prevention techniques in China, 2017.

To understand the professional theory, prevention and control practice, experimental diagnosis and other technical skills of parasitic diseases among technicians of all levels of disease control and p...

Injured coliforms in swimming pools : How big a threat?

A swimming pool is an important leisure facility, but it can harbor injured cells creating potential health hazards. Disinfection of swimming pools can cause bacterial injury, when cells are exposed t...

Strategy for prevention and control of imported infectious disease.

The process of globalization increases the risk of global transmission of infectious diseases, resulting in pressure for country's prevention and control of imported infectious disease. Based on the r...

Second-generation antidepressants for preventing seasonal affective disorder in adults.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a seasonal pattern of recurrent major depressive episodes that most commonly occurs during autumn or winter and remits in spring. The prevalence of SAD ranges from...

Quantitative assessment of the effects of human activities on phytoplankton communities in lakes and reservoirs.

Global algal blooms have been severely threatening safety of drinking water and development of socio-economy. Effective prevention and accurate control of algal blooms require a quantitative assessmen...

Clinical Trials [9442 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Winter-Swimming and Brown Adipose Tissue Activity in Middel-aged Obese Subjects (WinterBAT).

This study investigates repetitive cold-water exposure on brown fat activity assessed by infrared thermography imagine. Furthermore we will assess glucose control upon winter-swimming. Obe...

Clinical Evaluation and Microbiological Assessment of Diode Laser and Chemical Disinfection in Comparison to Selective Caries Removal

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and antimicrobial effect of Diode laser and chemical disinfection in comparison to selective caries removal in management of deep carious lesions. Met...

Swimming Pool Environment Impact on the Human Respiratory Health

This study aims to assess the influence of exposure to swimming pool environment on respiratory symptoms and diseases, and on cancer outcomes among swimmers and swimming pool attendants.

Prevention of Seasonal Affective Disorder

A Placebo Controlled Study Evaluating The Effectivess Of Medication In Preventing Seasonal Affective Disorder

Prevention of Seasonal Affective Disorder

This is a placebo controlled study evaluating the effectiveness of medication in preventing depressive episodes in subjects with a history of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A system of safety management (abbreviated HACCP) applied mainly to the food industry. It involves the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards, from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of finished products.

Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.

An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.

Excavations or containment structures filled with water and used for swimming.

The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article