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Building on a recent increase in scholarly attention to the problem of tap water mistrust and resulting negative health impacts, we examine the relationship between neighborhood reliance on tap water alternatives and a range of explanatory factors. We model retail water store locations as a proxy for reliance on tap water alternatives in urbanized neighborhoods across California. Our study is unique in its inclusion of variables representing both compliance with primary and secondary water quality standards by publicly regulated drinking water systems serving particular neighborhoods, other water system attributes and the socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods. The location of retail water stores in urbanized neighborhoods does not appear strongly related to observed measures of water quality. Secondary contamination shows a weak relationship to tap alternative reliance, and primary contamination was not correlated with higher levels of tap alternative reliance. On the other hand, our research suggests that other socioeconomic factors, particularly country of birth, are associated with the prevalence of more water stores. Increasing reliance on tap water likely requires measuring and addressing secondary contamination found in distributional systems and premise plumbing, and more aggressive public education campaigns.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of water and health
Though accumulating evidence indicates that the striatum is recruited during language processing, the specific function of this subcortical structure in language remains to be elucidated. To answer th...
The contribution of sensory and decisional processes to perceptual decision making is still unclear, even in simple perceptual tasks. When decision makers need to select an action from a set of balanc...
As our reliance on empirical evidence within the dental community grows, now could be the time to understand why the experiment methodology is being favoured. This article reviews the background liter...
Although empirical evidence suggests that the adherence club model is more effective in retaining people living with HIV in antiretroviral treatment care and sustaining medication adherence compared t...
The objective of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of the ENDOTAK® RELIANCE™ defibrillation leads connected to a defibrillator or a cardiac resynchronization defibrillator from ...
This study will be the first randomized controlled trial of Comprehensive Behavior Modification (ComB) as a treatment of trichotillomania (TTM). ComB treatment (12 weekly sessions, followi...
The Comprehensive Primary Care Plus (CPC+) Model, sponsored by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), is a multipayer advanced primary care model. CPC+ aims to strengthen prim...
The REFLEx Study will evaluate if ENDOTAK RELIANCE G defibrillation leads with GORE ePTFE-covered coils are as good as or better than other comparative commercially available defibrillatio...
This pilot study is being conducted in order to help make the case for later, more systematic research on the effectiveness of the Comprehensive Behavioral (COMB) model of treating trichot...
Alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing, and education. The alternatives may include reduction in the number of animals used, replacement of animals with a non-animal model or with animals of a species lower phylogenetically, or refinement of methods to minimize pain and distress of animals used.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
A preconceived judgment made without adequate evidence and not easily alterable by presentation of contrary evidence.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...