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The diversity and distribution of Aeromonas spp. associated with virulence profiles from the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon were investigated using phylogenetic analysis of gyrB/rpoB gene sequences for speciation. The concatenated gyrB/rpoB gene sequences clustered into five species: Aeromonas punctata/caviae (n = 37), A. hydrophila (n = 10), A. dhakensis (n = 16), A. jandaei (n = 1) and A. enteropelogenes/trota (n = 3). The virulence genes (atc/aerA/hlyA/asp/amp) resulted in 19 virulence profiles, distributed heterogeneously among the five Aeromonas species. Out of the 67 isolates, 16% presented five distinct profiles carrying four virulence genes and 7% showed all genes investigated. The hemolytic genes were detected as follows: act 54% (37/67), aerA 36% (24/67), hlyA 26% (18/67) and proteolytic genes such as asp 36% (24/57) and amp in 85% (57/67) were widely distributed in lagoon sampling stations. Meanwhile, 88% (59/67) and 92% (62/67) of the isolates showed hemolytic and proteolytic activity, respectively. Our results demonstrated that concatenated sequences of the gyrB and rpoB genes showed to be an adequate approach for the Aeromonas speciation and prevalence. The high heterogeneity of virulence genes among the species resulted in several virulence profiles, as well as high percentages of hemolytic and proteolytic activity, demonstrating the necessity of further epidemiological surveys of Aeromonas species pathogenicity in an aquatic recreational lagoon.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of water and health
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The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Unique, genetically controlled determinants present on ANTIBODIES whose specificity is limited to a single group of proteins (e.g., another antibody molecule or an individual myeloma protein). The idiotype appears to represent the antigenicity of the antigen-binding site of the antibody and to be genetically codetermined with it. The idiotypic determinants have been precisely located to the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION of both immunoglobin polypeptide chains.
A group of closely-related 72-74-kDa heterogeneous-nuclear ribonucleoproteins that are involved in RNA SPLICING events.
A group of closely-related heterogeneous-nuclear ribonucleoproteins that are involved in pre-mRNA splicing.
The metaphysical doctrine that the functions and processes of life are due to a vital principle distinct from physicochemical forces and that the laws of physics and chemistry alone cannot explain life functions and processes. Vitalism is opposed to mechanistic materialism. The belief was that matter was divided into two classes based on behavior with respect to heat: organic and inorganic. Inorganic material could be melted but could always be recovered by removing the heat source. Organic compounds changed form upon heating and could not be recovered by removing the heat source. The proposed explanation for the difference between organic and inorganic compounds was the Vitalism Theory, which stated that inorganic materials did not contain the "vital force" of life.
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