Evaluating exercise challenge to validate cardiac autonomic dysfunction in lean PCOS phenotype.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Evaluating exercise challenge to validate cardiac autonomic dysfunction in lean PCOS phenotype."

Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is frequently associated with infertility, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction is well documented in long-term patients of PCOS, with impairment being proportionate to disease duration. However, there is paucity of literature on cardiac autonomic tone in the "lean" phenotype of PCOS. We used exercise challenge to probe for autonomic dysfunction, as assessed by heart rate variability (HRV), an index of cardiac autonomic tone. Methods Our study population consisted of 27 newly diagnosed PCOS patients and 25 healthy females matched by age and body mass index. Short-term HRV was assessed using time and frequency domain indices. Moderate, isotonic exercise was used as an interventional tool. Indices of both groups were compared in three bins - at baseline, immediate, and late postexercise stages. Results The groups had comparable HRV indices at baseline. However, low-frequency (LF) power was significantly reduced in PCOS patients during immediate and late postexercise phases when compared with controls (p = 0.03 and 0.03, respectively). Time domain indices also exhibited a fall postexercise, although not statistically significant. Conclusions Although "lean" phenotype PCOS patients had comparable HRV parameters as controls at baseline, the administration of exercise challenge led to reduced sympathetic drive, evident by reduced LF power in patient group. This may be due to latent autonomic dysfunction in "lean" PCOS, which is unmasked on exposure to exercise challenge. We propose that the evaluation of HRV response to exercise may serve as a sensitive screening tool to detect early cardiovascular dysfunction in newly diagnosed lean PCOS patients.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology
ISSN: 2191-0286


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A state of elevated cardiac output due to conditions of either increased hemodynamic demand or reduced cardiac oxygen output. These conditions may include ANEMIA; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; THYROTOXICOSIS; PREGNANCY; EXERCISE; FEVER; and ANOXIA. In time, compensatory changes of the heart can lead to pathological form of high cardiac output and eventual HEART FAILURE.

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.

Diseases of the parasympathetic or sympathetic divisions of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; which has components located in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASES; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD PRESSURE; HEART RATE; pupil function; SWEATING; REPRODUCTIVE AND URINARY PHYSIOLOGY; and DIGESTION.

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

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