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Accumulation of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) is regarded as a primary cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ is derived by sequential cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Alterations in the subcellular targeting of APP are thought to affect the degree of Aβ production. Sorting receptors, such as SorLA, convey subcellular targeting of APP. Dysfunction of SorLA, and likely of the related receptors SorCS1 and SorCS3, cause AD. Nevertheless, disease progression could also provoke altered expression of the receptors. Here, we assessed if Aβ plaque formation promotes altered expression of SorLA, SorCS1 and SorCS3. We analyzed transcript levels during aging and after amyloidosis in brain areas characterized by early amyloid plaque formation in an AD mouse model (APPPS1) and wild types. We observed stable expression levels during aging (1-12 months). After plaque formation, SorCS1 and SorLA expression were markedly reduced in the frontal cerebral cortex and to a minor extent in the hippocampus, whereas SorCS3 expression was solely reduced in the frontal cerebral cortex. Our results indicate that disease progression, associated with Aβ accumulation, can negatively regulate expression of the receptors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biological chemistry
Primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis is a group of rare conditions where amyloid deposition is limited to the skin without systemic manifestations. Most cases are sporadic; however, mutations in th...
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This study measures circulating, misfolded ATTR oligomers in asymptomatic ATTRm amyloidosis genetic carriers longitudinally over five years.
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Diseases in which there is a familial pattern of AMYLOIDOSIS.
Strains of mice arising from a parental inbred stock that was subsequently used to produce substrains of knockout and other mutant mice with targeted mutations.
Mice homozygous for the mutant autosomal recessive gene "scid" which is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 16. These mice lack mature, functional lymphocytes and are thus highly susceptible to lethal opportunistic infections if not chronically treated with antibiotics. The lack of B- and T-cell immunity resembles severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) syndrome in human infants. SCID mice are useful as animal models since they are receptive to implantation of a human immune system producing SCID-human (SCID-hu) hematochimeric mice.
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A strain of mice arising from a spontaneous MUTATION (mdx) in inbred C57BL mice. This mutation is X chromosome-linked and produces viable homozygous animals that lack the muscle protein DYSTROPHIN, have high serum levels of muscle ENZYMES, and possess histological lesions similar to human MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY. The histological features, linkage, and map position of mdx make these mice a worthy animal model of DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
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