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Nosocomial pneumonia is the second most common infection in hospital settings, resulting in substantial increases in morbidity, mortality, and length of hospital stay. The rapid increase in resistance of nosocomial pathogens to many antibiotics and the high dissemination of resistance genes highlight the need for innovative approaches to combat difficult-to-treat nosocomial respiratory infections. Areas covered: This review summarizes the synthetic antimicrobials that are currently in development for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia, focusing on antibiotics in the final phases of clinical development and on the strategies employed by novel synthetic antimicrobial peptides. Expert opinion: Several novel synthetic antimicrobials are currently in the pipeline, and it appears that new antimicrobial peptides or mimetics will soon be made available, expanding the opportunities to treat nosocomial pneumonia. However, the approval process for use in the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia is arduous. Given that significant investments by pharmaceutical companies have ended in failure to obtain the approval of regulatory agencies, novel platforms for antimicrobial discovery are needed. The identification of new and fully synthetic chemical structures with activity against nosocomial pathogens needs to be followed by preclinical studies in large animals and by pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies in specific critically ill populations to assess lung penetration.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
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Serious INFLAMMATION of the LUNG in patients who required the use of PULMONARY VENTILATOR. It is usually caused by cross bacterial infections in hospitals (NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS).
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Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
A species of the genus PNEUMOVIRUS causing pneumonia in mice.
Severe complication of pneumonia characterized by liquefaction of lung tissue.
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