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To analyze the mortality trend in Spain before, during, and after the economic crisis and austerity policies. We calculated age-standardized annual mortality rates in 2001 through 2016 and estimated linear trends in mortality rates during 4 periods (2001-2007, 2008-2010, 2011-2013, and 2014-2016) using the annual percentage change (APC). All-cause mortality rate decreased during the period 2001 to 2016, although we found increases over the previous year. After adjusting for increased influenza activity ( = .743) and heat waves ( = .473), we found the greatest declines during the economic crisis (2008-2010) and the smallest in the period 2014 to 2016, in which the APC in mortality rates was -2.9 and -0.6, respectively. The APC before the crisis (2001-2007) and during austerity (2011-2013) was -2.0 and -2.2, respectively. We observed similar results in mortality from cardiovascular, respiratory, and digestive diseases and motor vehicle accidents. Mortality from cancer showed the smallest decline during the crisis and the austerity period, whereas suicide increased in the period 2011 to 2013. Lifestyle changes could explain the decline in mortality during the economic crisis. Increased influenza activity and the 2015 heat wave may prevent identifying a possible delayed effect of austerity policies in the slowing down of mortality decline in the period 2014 to 2016. (. Published online ahead of print May 16, 2019: e1-e7. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305075).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of public health
To assess time trends in mortality rates in European countries for the period 2011 to 2015 by level of austerity measures imposed by governments in response to the economic and financial crisis.
To describe the evolution of mortality risks for complications due to medical care or surgery between the periods prior to (2002-2007) and after (2008-2013) the beginning of the economic crisis for Sp...
A growing body of the literature has argued that austerity has been bad for health, though without directly measuring austerity. This paper explicitly distinguishes the association of mortality with m...
In Greece, Italy, and Spain, austerity policies combined with the structural density of migration flows have had concrete social and material manifestations in the delivery of public health care. Thro...
With the economic crisis in Spain, austerity measures were applied. However, it is unknown how these measures have affected the pattern of use of health services for the immigrant population. Thus, th...
The socioeconomic gradient in health is well known and is partially explained by differences in health-related behaviours across socioeconomic groups. There is reason to believe that the c...
The EMMY Project is an interdisciplinary and mixed methods comparative study on impact of welfare systems on mental wellbeing among the oldest old in Finland, Italy, Norway and Spain, incl...
Dr. Laddis will test a hypothesis about the nature and the management of behavioral crises in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). ...
Patients with adrenal insufficiency are at risk to suffer from life threatening adrenal crisis. The aim of this trial was to reevaluate the frequency of adrenal crisis and risk factors for...
This was a cluster randomized study of an ICU level intervention to reduce high risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in family members of ICU patients. Participating ICUs had res...
An international organization whose mission is to stimulate world trade and economic progress by offering a forum where governments can collectively develop and refine social and economic policies.
Conflict between Spain and the United States, arising out of Spanish policies in Cuba.
Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
Swine Flu - H1N1 influenza - H7N9
Swine flu is the common name given to a relatively new strain of influenza (flu) that caused a flu pandemic in 2009-2010. It is also referred to as H1N1 influenza (because it is the H1N1 strain of virus). The H1N1 flu virus will be one of the main vi...