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Time-Resolved Analysis of the Structural Dynamics of Assembling Gold Nanoparticles.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Time-Resolved Analysis of the Structural Dynamics of Assembling Gold Nanoparticles."

The hydrophobic collapse is a structural transition of grafted polymer chains in a poor solvent. Although such a transition seems an intrinsic event during clustering of polymer-stabilized nanoparticles in the liquid phase, it has not been resolved in real time. In this work, we implemented a microfluidic 3D-flow-focusing mixing reactor equipped with real-time analytics, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, to study the early stage of cluster formation, for polystyrene-stabilized gold nanoparticles. The polymer shell dynamics obtained by in situ SAXS analysis and numerical simulation of the solvent composition allowed us to map the interaction energy between the particles at early state of solvent mixing, 30 ms behind the crossing point. We found that the rate of hydrophobic collapse depends on water concentration, ranging between 100 and 500 nm/s. Importantly, we found that the polymer shell collapses prior to the commencement of clustering.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS nano
ISSN: 1936-086X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.

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