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Formation of giant cyclic complexes by the assembly of small, flexible units is demonstrated by connecting 14 artificial tripeptides (1) with 14 Ni(II) ions. Although tripeptide 1 is very flexible because of the presence of three CH groups in the main chain, it formed a tetradecanuclear cyclic complex ([1Ni]) with a large cavity (diameter: ca. 2 nm). In this structure, three tripeptides are coordinated to each Ni(II) center by three different coordination sites in 1, forming a mesh-like structure. Crystal structure analysis and theoretical calculations indicate that the conformation of 1 was controlled by the formation of metal coordination bonds and intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Because of the structural flexibility, the cyclic framework formed both circular and ellipsoidal structures in the crystalline state, depending on the packing structure. In addition, by the conditions of the assembly process, the size of the cavities could be tuned either with a small decrement (dodecanuclear complex [1Ni]) or a large decrement (octanuclear complexes [(1-3H)Ni]), in which "shrunk" cavities with a 10-fold difference in diameter (<0.2 nm) were formed by tuning the tripeptide conformation through additional metal coordination to the tripeptide framework. Dynamic light scattering and mass spectrometry studies indicated that the giant cyclic complexes were also present in the solution state.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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Multinucleated cells (fused macrophages) seen in granulomatous inflammations such as tuberculosis, syphilis, sarcoidosis, and deep fungal infections. They resemble foreign-body giant cells (GIANT CELLS, FOREIGN BODY) but Langhans giant cells contain less chromatin and their nuclei are arranged peripherally in a horseshoe-shaped pattern. Langhans giant cells occur frequently in delayed hypersensitivity.
Complexes of scRNA (RNA, SMALL CYTOPLASMIC) and protein found in the cytoplasm. An example is SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE.
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A non-neoplastic inflammatory lesion, usually of the jaw or gingiva, containing large, multinucleated cells. It includes reparative giant cell granuloma. Peripheral giant cell granuloma refers to the gingiva (giant cell epulis); central refers to the jaw.
Tumors of bone tissue or synovial or other soft tissue characterized by the presence of giant cells. The most common are giant cell tumor of tendon sheath and GIANT CELL TUMOR OF BONE.