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The effects of dietary pre-treatment with fibrolytic enzyme- based cocktail were evaluated in two studies: 1) in vitro true digestibility; and 2) intake, digestibility, feeding behavior, and ruminal fermentation of beef steers fed growing diets. For the in vitro assessment, ruminal inoculum was collected from 2 steers (BW = 543 ± 45 kg; 4-h after feeding; growing diets) and enzymes included or not (Trichoderma reesei fermentation extract; 0.75 µl/g of substrate DM). Within in vitro batches (n = 4), 12 substrates were incubated and in vitro true nutrient digestibility was evaluated. For study 2, 5 ruminally cannulated beef steers (BW = 520 ± 30 kg) were used in a 5 × 4 unbalanced Latin square using a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments: a) diet quality (high = HQ; and low = LQ); and b) enzyme inclusion (0 or 0.75 mL/kg of diet DM). Steers were fed ad-libitum during 4 21-d periods consisting of (14-d of adaptation and 7-d of collections). An enzyme × substrate was observed (P < 0.01), in which DM, OM, and NDF disappearance of sorghum grain increased with enzymes addition. Addition of enzymes increased (P < 0.01) ADF digestibility for all substrates. No diet quality × enzyme (P ≥ 0.18) was observed for intake variables in study 2. Enzyme-fed steers increased (P ≤ 0.05) intake of DM, digestible DM, NDF, and ADF compared to steers not fed fibrolytic enzymes. Addition of enzyme did not affect (P ≥ 0.28) apparent total tract digestibility of beef steers. Steers fed HQ diets consumed more (P ≤ 0.04) DM, digestible DM and OM, and less (P ≤ 0.03) total and digestible fiber than steers fed LQ diets. Ruminal pH average decreased (P = 0.01) for steers fed HQ or enzyme-fed diets compared to other treatments. A tendency (P = 0.06) towards improved total VFA was observed on enzyme-fed steers with HQ diets, but not for LQ diets. Molar proportion of ruminal propionate increased (P = 0.01) when steers were fed enzyme. Steers fed HQ diets had greater (P < 0.01) propionate and valerate molar proportions, lower (P < 0.01) acetate and acetate: propionate ratio than steers fed LQ diets. In vitro methane and total gas production were not affected (P ≥ 0.50) by dietary treatments. Fibrolytic enzymes positively affected digestion of multiple roughage sources commonly fed to cattle, and might have additional benefit when used on unprocessed sorghum grain. Fibrolytic enzymes in beef cattle growing diets stimulated intake and generated positive impacts on ruminal fermentation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of animal science
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A family of enzymes accepting a wide range of substrates, including phenols, alcohols, amines, and fatty acids. They function as drug-metabolizing enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of UDPglucuronic acid to a variety of endogenous and exogenous compounds. EC 22.214.171.124.
Biphasic dose responses of cells or organisms (including microorganisms) to an exogenous or intrinsic factor, in which the factor induces stimulatory or beneficial effects at low doses and inhibitory or adverse effects at high doses.
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
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