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The objective of this meta-analytic review was to systematically assess the effects of working memory training on healthy older adults. We identified 552 entries, of which 27 experiments met our inclusion criteria. The final database included 1130 participants. Near- and far-transfer effects were analysed with measures of short-term memory, working memory, and reasoning. Small significant and long-lasting transfer gains were observed in working memory tasks. Effects on reasoning was very small and only marginally significant. The effects of working memory training on both near and far transfer in older adults were moderated by the type of training tasks; the adopted outcome measures; the training duration; and the total number of training hours. In this review we provide an updated review of the literature in the field by carrying out a robust multi-level meta-analysis focused exclusively on WMT in healthy older adults. Recommendations for future research are suggested.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews
Working memory training research has produced mixed results in terms of finding benefits beyond the trained tasks (i.e., transfer). One potential limitation is that the research thus far has failed to...
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Community centers for older adults and providers of resources for the community. In addition to providing services and activities for older adults that reflect the community's diversity, they link participants with resources offered by other agencies.
Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.
Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.
Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.
Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.