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Towards reaching consensus on hyaluronic acid efficacy in knee osteoarthritis.

08:00 EDT 17th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Towards reaching consensus on hyaluronic acid efficacy in knee osteoarthritis."

Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) is a controversial treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). While clinical efficacy of HA relative to saline injections has been demonstrated in many studies, these results are of limited value in real-world clinical practice since saline injection is not a knee OA treatment. Instead, rigorous postmarket comparative studies of HA versus approved knee OA treatments are encouraged. The conduct of such studies is particularly important given the paucity and heterogeneous nature of current evidence regarding nonsurgical knee OA treatment. KEY
POINTS:
• Societal guidelines recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroid injections, but not hyaluronic acid injections, for knee osteoarthritis (OA) despite inconsistent supportive data. • This article encourages rigorous comparative post-approval studies to clarify the role of nonsurgical treatments used in clinical practice for knee OA.

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Name: Clinical rheumatology
ISSN: 1434-9949
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Articles on conferences sponsored by NIH presenting summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus on a subject of interest. This heading is used for NIH consensus conferences as a means of scientific communication. In indexing it is viewed as a type of review article and as a tag for any article appearing in any publication of the NIH Office of Medical Applications of Research (OMAR).

Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.

Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)

A therapeutic treatment typically involving INTRA-ARTICULAR INJECTIONS of HYALURONIC ACID and related compounds. The procedure is commonly used in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS with the therapeutic goal to restore the viscoelasticity of SYNOVIAL FLUID, decrease pain, improve mobility and restore the natural protective functions of hyaluronan in the joint.

A theoretical representative nucleotide or amino acid sequence in which each nucleotide or amino acid is the one which occurs most frequently at that site in the different sequences which occur in nature. The phrase also refers to an actual sequence which approximates the theoretical consensus. A known CONSERVED SEQUENCE set is represented by a consensus sequence. Commonly observed supersecondary protein structures (AMINO ACID MOTIFS) are often formed by conserved sequences.

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