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HLA-haploidentical stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide.

08:00 EDT 18th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "HLA-haploidentical stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide."

HLA-haploidentical stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide has spread rapidly worldwide. This strategy was initially developed in the setting of bone marrow transplantation following nonmyeloablative conditioning. Recently, peripheral blood stem cell grafts and/or myeloablative conditioning regimen have been widely used. In Japan, prospective, multicenter, phase II studies have been conducted by the Japan Study Group for Cell Therapy and Transplantation to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HLA-haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation using posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy-haploPBSCT). In the first such study (JSCT Haplo 13 study), we demonstrated that PTCy-haploPBSCT after busulfan-based reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) enables stable donor engraftment and low incidences of both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In the second (JSCT Haplo 14 study), we showed that both myeloablative conditioning (MAC) and RIC are valid options for PTCy-haploPBSCT. Emerging evidence, including our findings, suggests that donor type (HLA-haploidentical donor versus HLA-matched related or unrelated donor) may no longer be a significant predictor of transplant outcome.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of hematology
ISSN: 1865-3774
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

Transplantation between individuals who share a partial haplotype match.

Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).

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