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Medial knee stability at flexion increases tibial internal rotation and knee flexion angle after posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty.

08:00 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Medial knee stability at flexion increases tibial internal rotation and knee flexion angle after posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty."

Soft-tissue balance is an important element for the success of total knee arthroplasty; however, the influence of intraoperative soft-tissue balance on knee kinematics in posterior-stabilized-total knee arthroplasty remains unknown. We investigated whether intraoperative soft-tissue balance could influence knee kinematics and flexion angle after posterior-stabilized-total knee arthroplasty.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon)
ISSN: 1879-1271
Pages: 16-22

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)

The ligament that travels from the medial epicondyle of the FEMUR to the medial margin and medial surface of the TIBIA. The medial meniscus is attached to its deep surface.

CONNECTIVE TISSUE of the anterior compartment of the THIGH that has its origins on the anterior aspect of the iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine, and its insertion point on the iliotibial tract. It plays a role in medial rotation of the THIGH, steadying the trunk, and in KNEE extension.

The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.

Disease involving the femoral nerve. The femoral nerve may be injured by ISCHEMIA (e.g., in association with DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES), nerve compression, trauma, COLLAGEN DISEASES, and other disease processes. Clinical features include MUSCLE WEAKNESS or PARALYSIS of hip flexion and knee extension, ATROPHY of the QUADRICEPS MUSCLE, reduced or absent patellar reflex, and impaired sensation over the anterior and medial thigh.

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