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To elucidate the antibiotic resistance and virulence genes of nisin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis isolated from raw buffalo milk and to study the effect of nisin-sensitive and -resistant E. faecalis on the innate immunity of rats.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of applied microbiology
This study aimed to determine prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, virulence genes and class 1 integrons of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus fecalis from pig, pork and humans in Thailand-Laos bo...
Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are among the main agents associated with nosocomial infections with high mortality in immunocompromised patients. Antibiotic resistance, especially agai...
The emergence and dissemination of antibiotic resistant bacteria is a major medical challenge. Lantibiotics are highly modified bacterially produced antimicrobial peptides that have attracted consider...
Global increases in the use of carbapenems have resulted in several strains of Gram-negative bacteria acquiring carbapenem resistance, thereby limiting treatment options. is a common carbapenem-resis...
Orthopedic implant-associated infections are a devastating complication with significant impact on patients and on healthcare systems. The aims of this work were to describe the patterns of antibiotic...
Approximately, 3% of males and 8% of females will develop a urinary tract infection (UTI) during childhood, and most of these will be effectively treated by short-term antibiotic therapy. ...
The objective of this study is to provide preliminary insight into the safety and efficacy of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for the eradication of gastrointestinal carriage of van...
This study will treat pediatric patients who have infections that are due to a specific bacteria (Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus)
The clinical trial is designed as a phase II, crossover clinical trial. It will be carried out in healthy volunteers, who will receive two different antibiotic regimen based on ceftriaxone...
Enterobacteriaceae are bacteria of the gastrointestinal tract which are also the most frequently involved in bacterial infections, especially urinary tract infections. Because of their pre...
Strains of the genus Enterococcus that are resistant to the antibiotic VANCOMYCIN. The enterococci become resistant by acquiring plasmids carrying genes for VANCOMYCIN RESISTANCE.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Unlike ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS, this species may produce an alpha-hemolytic reaction on blood agar and is unable to utilize pyruvic acid as an energy source.
Distinct units in some bacterial, bacteriophage or plasmid GENOMES that are types of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS. Encoded in them are a variety of fitness conferring genes, such as VIRULENCE FACTORS (in "pathogenicity islands or islets"), ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE genes, or genes required for SYMBIOSIS (in "symbiosis islands or islets"). They range in size from 10 - 500 kilobases, and their GC CONTENT and CODON usage differ from the rest of the genome. They typically contain an INTEGRASE gene, although in some cases this gene has been deleted resulting in "anchored genomic islands".
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a family of bacteria with resistance to one or more major antibiotics. There are currently 17 different strains of MRSA. Two particular strains, EMRSA15 and EMRSA16 account for 96% of MRSA blood...
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...