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Hydrophilic bile salts, ursodeoxycholate and hyodeoxycholate, have choleretic effects. ABCB4, a member of the ABC transporter family, is essential for the secretion of phospholipids from hepatocytes into bile. In this study, we assessed the effects of taurine- or glycine-conjugated cholate, ursodeoxycholate and hyodeoxycholate on the ABCB4-mediated phosphatidylcholine (PC) efflux using Abcb4 knockout mice and HEK293 cells stably expressing ABCB4. To evaluate the effects of bile salts on bile formation in Abcb4 or Abcb4 mice, the bile was collected during intravenous infusion of saline or bile salts. The biliary PC secretion in Abcb4 mice was significantly increased by the infusions of all tested bile salts, especially taurohyodeoxycholate. On the other hand, Abcb4 mice exhibited extremely low secretion of PC into bile, which was not altered by bile salt infusions. We also showed that the PC efflux from ABCB4-expressing HEK293 cells was stimulated by taurohyodeoxycholate much more strongly than the other tested bile salts. However, taurohyodeoxycholate did not restore the activities of ABCB4 mutants. Furthermore, light scattering measurements demonstrated a remarkable ability of taurohyodeoxycholate to form mixed micelles with PC. Therefore, the enhancing effect of taurohyodeoxycholate on the ABCB4-mediated PC efflux may be due to the strong mixed micelle formation ability.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids
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An antibiotic produced by Pseudomonas cocovenenans. It is an inhibitor of MITOCHONDRIAL ADP, ATP TRANSLOCASES. Specifically, it blocks adenine nucleotide efflux from mitochondria by enhancing membrane binding.
A fluorescent probe with low toxicity which is a potent substrate for P-glycoprotein and the bacterial multidrug efflux transporter. It is used to assess mitochondrial bioenergetics in living cells and to measure the efflux activity of P-glycoprotein in both normal and malignant cells. (Leukemia 1997;11(7):1124-30)
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
A ubiquitous family of proteins that transport PHOSPHOLIPIDS such as PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL and PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE between membranes. They play an important role in phospholipid metabolism during vesicular transport and SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.
An ATP binding cassette transporter, sub-family G protein that functions as a high capacity UREA exporter, transporter of STEROLS, and in the absorption and efflux of many drugs. Its efflux activity for ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS contributes to DRUG RESISTANCE. It functions as a homodimer and is expressed by cells in a variety of organs, as well as by NEOPLASTIC STEM CELLS.