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The impact of Helicobacter pylori on the presence of Barrett's esophagus in Azerbaijan, a high-prevalence area of infection.

08:00 EDT 7th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The impact of Helicobacter pylori on the presence of Barrett's esophagus in Azerbaijan, a high-prevalence area of infection."

There is a strong evidence that Helicobacter pylori infection is inversely associated with Barrett's esophagus. In a high-prevalence region of H. pylori, low rates of esophageal cancer and its precursor BE may indicate its preventive effect. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of H. pylori on characteristics of Barrett's esophagus. A total of 3317 outpatient upper endoscopy reports from 2013 to 2015 from an urban center in Azerbaijan from all patients with dyspepsia were retrospectively analyzed for patients with Barrett's esophagus. This was matched in a 1:2 ratio to age and gender matched control patients without Barrett's esophagus. The prevalence of H. pylori on Barrett's esophagus and the randomly selected control group were compared. There were 83 patients with BE and 167 control group cases. Biopsy-proven BE was diagnosed in 83 patients: 39 (47%) females, with mean age 43.1 ± 13.3 years. Of these, 13 (15.7%) had long segment and 70 (84.3%) had short segment Barrett's esophagus. A control group included 167 patients: 78 (46.7%) females, with mean age (45.8 ± 13.9). All patients were Caucasians. The rates of gastric inflammation, the presence of atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia in gastric specimens did not differ in patients versus controls. The prevalence of H. pylori was determined as 63.2% in male and 61.5 in female groups (odd ratio (OR) = 0.99 95%CI 0.97, 1.01; P = 0.22). Inflammation of gastric mucosa was strongly associated with the infection (67% vs. 33%; OR = 4.46 95%
CI:
2.01, 9.92, P < 0.001). Atrophy was noted in majority of H. pylori-positive cases (OR = 1.43, 95%
CI:
0.36, 5.65; P = 0.61). Gastric intestinal metaplasia was observed in 55.6% of H. pylori-positive patients and in 44.4% of negative individuals (OR = 0.74, 95%
CI:
0.28, 1.94; P = 0.54). There was not a significant difference in the prevalence of HP in BE and control groups; 63.9% were positive for infection in BE cases and 61.7% of controls (OR = 1.10, 95%
CI:
0.64, 1.90; P = 0.74). We found that neither presence of erosive esophagitis, length of BE nor dysplasia (45.5% of H. pylori-positive group, whereas 54.5%) was associated with the presence of the H. pylori infection (Table 1). In a predominantly Caucasian nation with a high prevalence of H. pylori gastritis, the presence of H. pylori was not inversely associated with the presence of Barrett's esophagus. These data challenge the mechanistic implications of this association.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
ISSN: 1442-2050
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).

A condition with damage to the lining of the lower ESOPHAGUS resulting from chronic acid reflux (ESOPHAGITIS, REFLUX). Through the process of metaplasia, the squamous cells are replaced by a columnar epithelium with cells resembling those of the INTESTINE or the salmon-pink mucosa of the STOMACH. Barrett's columnar epithelium is a marker for severe reflux and precursor to ADENOCARCINOMA of the esophagus.

Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.

A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for HELICOBACTER PYLORI colonization.

Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

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