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BACKGROUNDThe use of the treadmill as a gait rehabilitation tool has provided novel options for treatment of gait impairments in Parkinson's Disease (PD). However, the neural mechanisms underlying these therapeutic effects in PD remain unknown and whether any therapeutic effects from treadmill training can be reproduced on overground walking.OBJECTIVETo examine the immediate short-term effects of a single session of treadmill and overground walking on gait, spinal and corticospinal parameters in PD.METHODSPD participants (N = 15) were evaluated in two separate sessions under two walking conditions: walking over a treadmill and walking overground. Overground walking performance, the Soleus H-reflex, Reciprocal Ia-Inhibition, Intracortical Facilitation (ICF) and Short Intracortical Inhibition (SICI), were evaluated before and after each condition.RESULTSGait speed and stride length improved in post-treadmill compared with pre-treadmill. No significant changes in these gait parameters were found for the pre vs. post-overground condition. ICF values and Hmax/Mmax ratio decreased after, compared with before, the two walking conditions.CONCLUSIONSTreadmill walking, but not overground walking, lead to an improvement in the stride length and gait speed in the PD patients without evidence of different modulation on spinal and corticospinal parameters.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
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An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The rate at which steps are made while walking.
An inhibitor of DOPA DECARBOXYLASE, preventing conversion of LEVODOPA to dopamine. It is used in PARKINSON DISEASE to reduce peripheral adverse effects of LEVODOPA. It has no antiparkinson actions by itself.
Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.
Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)
Parkinson's is a progressive neurological condition, affecting one person in every 500, 95% of which are over 40. It is caused by degeneration of more than 70% of the substantia nigra, which depletes the dopamine (the neurotransmitter involved in pro...