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Transferability of real-time safety performance functions for signalized intersections.

08:00 EDT 5th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Transferability of real-time safety performance functions for signalized intersections."

Optimizing traffic signals in real-time for safety performance can be executable in the era of Connected Vehicles (CVs) when real-time information on vehicle positions and trajectories is available. To achieve this, real-time safety models are needed to understand how changes in signal controllers affect safety in real-time. Recently, several real-time safety models were developed for signalized intersections that relate various dynamic traffic parameters to the number of rear-end traffic conflicts at the signal cycle level. The traffic parameters included: traffic volume, maximum queue length, shock wave speed and area, and platoon ratio. For wider application of these models to other jurisdictions, the transferability of these models needs to be examined. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate the transferability of several signalized intersections real-time safety models to new jurisdictions. Two corridors of signalized intersections in California and Atlanta were used in the analysis as destination jurisdictions. Detailed vehicle trajectories for these corridors were obtained from the Next Generation Simulation (NGSIM) data. Various transferability analysis approaches were applied. The transferability of the real-time safety models was evaluated with and without a local calibration for the model parameters at the new jurisdictions. Several goodness-of-fit measures were examined to assess the ability of the developed models to predict traffic conflicts. Overall, the results showed that the real-time safety models are transferable, which confirms the validity of using them for real-time safety evaluation of signalized intersections.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Accident; analysis and prevention
ISSN: 1879-2057
Pages: 263-276

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