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Resveratrol alleviates inflammatory injury and enhances the apoptosis of fibroblast‑like synoviocytes via mitochondrial dysfunction and ER stress in rats with adjuvant arthritis.

08:00 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Resveratrol alleviates inflammatory injury and enhances the apoptosis of fibroblast‑like synoviocytes via mitochondrial dysfunction and ER stress in rats with adjuvant arthritis."

Resveratrol, a bioactive compound predominantly found in grapes and red wine, provides a wide range of properties that are beneficial for health, including anticancer and anti‑inflammatory activities. Previously published studies have addressed the potential therapeutic effects of resveratrol on rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, the subcellular mechanism remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the therapeutic effects of resveratrol on adjuvant arthritis (AA) in Sprague‑Dawley rats were investigated, and the mechanisms of resveratrol‑induced apoptosis in fibroblast‑like synoviocytes (FLSs) were further examined. Based on the findings, resveratrol treatment over a 12‑day period led to a reduction in paw swelling and arthritis scores at the macroscopic level, and an attenuation of inflammatory cell infiltration and synovial hyperplasia, upon a histopathological examination of the AA rats. Furthermore, the administration of resveratrol triggered decreases in the expression of interleukin (IL)‑1, IL‑6, IL‑8 and tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α) and an increase in the expression of IL‑10, alleviating inflammatory injury in AA rats in a dose‑dependent manner. In addition, resveratrol was revealed to induce the apoptosis of FLSs when administered with 5 µM H2O2 as determined by elevated levels of Bax, caspase‑3, caspase‑12 and C/EBP‑homologous protein, and the downregulation of B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2), suggesting that resveratrol is able to induce apoptosis in FLSs via the mitochondrial pathway and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in a milieu containing 5 µM H2O2. Furthermore, JC‑1 was used as a fluorescent probe to detect the mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), and resveratrol was shown to reduce the Δψm in FLSs in the presence of 5 µM H2O2. However, resveratrol was not able to trigger intracellular calcium overload, although it did suppress ATP‑ and thapsigargin‑induced calcium release from the ER. In conclusion, the present study revealed that resveratrol was able to alleviate inflammatory injury in AA rats, triggering the apoptosis of FLSs via the mitochondrial pathway and ER stress. These results provide a theoretical basis for future treatments using resveratrol for RA.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular medicine reports
ISSN: 1791-3004
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A fibroblast growth factor receptor that is found in two isoforms. One receptor isoform is found in the MESENCHYME and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2. A second isoform of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 is found mainly in EPITHELIAL CELLS and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7 and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 10. Mutation of the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 can result in APERT SYNDROME.

The most divergent of the known fibroblast growth factor receptors. It does not contain an intracellular TYROSINE KINASE domain and has been shown to interact with FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 5 is found primarily in skeletal tissue.

A fibroblast growth factor receptor with specificity for FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS; HEPARAN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN; and NEURONAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES. Several variants of the receptor exist due to multiple ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of its mRNA. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 is a tyrosine kinase that transmits signals through the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.

A fibroblast growth factor that was initially identified based on its sequence similarity to FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 4. It is found in MYOBLASTS and plays an important role in MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT.

A fibroblast growth factor that is a specific mitogen for EPITHELIAL CELLS. It binds a complex of HEPARAN SULFATE and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 2B.

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