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Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) have gained considerable attention due to their remarkable potential in gene editing and targeting-based strategies. However, cellular delivery of PNAs remains a challenge in developing their broader therapeutic applications. Here, we investigated a novel complex made of lipid bicelles and PNA-based carriers for the efficient delivery of PNAs. For proof of concept, PNAs targeting microRNA (miR) 210 and 155 were tested. Comprehensive evaluation of positive as well as negative charge-containing bicelles with PNA : lipid ratios of 1 : 100, 1 : 1000, and 1 : 2500 was performed. The negatively charged bicelles with a PNA : lipid molar ratio of 1 : 2500 yielded a discoidal shape with a uniform diameter of ∼30 nm and a bilayer thickness of 5 nm, while the positively charged bicellar system contained irregular vesicles after the incorporation of PNA. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analysis was performed to provide insight into how the hydrophobic PNAs interact with bicelles. Further, flow cytometry followed by confocal microscopy analyses substantiate the superior transfection efficiency of bicelles containing dye-conjugated antimiR PNAs. Functional analysis also confirmed miR inhibition by PNA oligomers delivered by bicelles. The nanodiscoidal complex opens a new pathway to deliver PNAs, which, on their own, are a great challenge to be endocytosed into cells.
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The present study investigated the effects of the combined treatment of two peptide nucleic acids (PNAs), directed against microRNAs involved in caspase‑3 mRNA regulation (miR‑155‑5p and miR‑2...
Background Platelet-neutrophil aggregates (PNAs) are fundamental mechanisms linking hemostasis and inflammatory processes. Elevated level of PNAs have been reported in inflammatory diseases and corona...
Nanostructured devices have been able to foster the technology for cell membrane poration. With the size smaller than the cell, nanostructure allows efficient poration on the cell membrane. Emerging n...
Intracellular delivery of antimicrobial agents by nanoparticles, such as mesoporous silica particles (MSPs), offers an interesting strategy to treat intracellular infections. In tuberculosis (TB), Myc...
Delivery of molecules into intracellular compartments is one of the fundamental requirements in molecular biology. However, the possibility of delivering a precise number of nano-objects with single-p...
The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the performance of a universal adhesive with different adhesive strategies in the restoration of non-carious cervical lesions (NC...
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Senegal plans a rapid scale up of HIV treatment for all people living with HIV, regardless of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count or viral suppression. However, limited data exist on ...
The care of a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals, and some viruses. Key findings: miRNA is involved in the normal functioning of eukaryotic cells, so has dysregulation...
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...