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Evaluation of Opioid Use With Split Doses of Oral Opioids in a Postcesarean Delivery Analgesia Order Set.

08:00 EDT 11th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Evaluation of Opioid Use With Split Doses of Oral Opioids in a Postcesarean Delivery Analgesia Order Set."

To evaluate whether an order set change that halved the initial dose of oxycodone and allowed the remainder to be given 1 hour later, if requested, was associated with reduced opioid use and side effects after cesarean delivery.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Obstetrics and gynecology
ISSN: 1873-233X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cell membrane proteins that bind opioids and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The endogenous ligands for opioid receptors in mammals include three families of peptides, the enkephalins, endorphins, and dynorphins. The receptor classes include mu, delta, and kappa receptors. Sigma receptors bind several psychoactive substances, including certain opioids, but their endogenous ligands are not known.

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Rapidly decreasing response to a drug or physiologically active agent after administration of a few doses. In immunology, it is the rapid immunization against the effect of toxic doses of an extract or serum by previous injection of small doses. (Dorland, 28th ed)

A class of cell surface receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Sigma receptors were originally considered to be opioid receptors because they bind certain synthetic opioids. However they also interact with a variety of other psychoactive drugs, and their endogenous ligand is not known (although they can react to certain endogenous steroids). Sigma receptors are found in the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems, and in some peripheral tissues.

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

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