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This article provides an overview of the key concepts and techniques of facial feminization surgery. The author reviews 20 years of experience with thousands of patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of craniofacial surgery
This case report details a 21-year-old transgender female patient who underwent a concomitant trichophyllic brow lift with frontal bone reduction, tracheal shave (also known as thyroid chondroplasty),...
Facial augmentation is a growing field, secondary to the appreciation of the changes seen in the facial skeleton with aging and the growing acceptance/popularity of facial fat grafting and facial fill...
Gender affirmation surgeries in male-to-female transition patients include breast augmentation, genital construction, and facial feminization. Facial features serve an integral role in identifying an ...
Facial feminization surgery (FFS) has recently gained popularity to enhance the female facial profile and promote a real transformation of the male to female face in transgender patients. The term inv...
Florida has the fifth largest transgender population in the United States. Transgender women, particularly those of color, in the southern part of Florida are a marginalized population who...
The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of a facial yoga exercise program on appearance and to measure patient satisfaction with facial yoga practice.
The voice is a reflection of our identity. In the case of transgender women, there may be a gap between perceived male voice and female appearance. Indeed, hormonal treatment in transgende...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether facial exercises in conjunction with opening exercises routinely provided after facial surgery to correct a facial skeletal disharmony wil...
Face transplantation surgery is the transfer of face tissue from a deceased human donor to a patient with a severe facial deformity. Face transplantation is an innovative reconstructive pr...
Access to specialized care for transgender populations. Health systems organized to take account of the special healthcare needs of marginalized groups who may face barriers in accessing health services. (http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/linkages/guidance_package.pdf)
Severe or complete loss of facial muscle motor function. This condition may result from central or peripheral lesions. Damage to CNS motor pathways from the cerebral cortex to the facial nuclei in the pons leads to facial weakness that generally spares the forehead muscles. FACIAL NERVE DISEASES generally results in generalized hemifacial weakness. NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause facial paralysis or paresis.
Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and salivary glands, and convey afferent information for taste from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and for touch from the external ear.
Neuralgic syndromes and other conditions which feature chronic or recurrent FACIAL PAIN as the primary manifestation of disease. Disorders of the trigeminal and facial nerves are frequently associated with these conditions.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...