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Facial vascular lesions are considered a great therapeutic challenge due to the considerable variability of clinical presentations. Surgical removal requires precise planning and advanced visualization to understand the three-dimensional anatomical relationships better.The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of three-dimensional printed models, based on computed tomography angiography (CTA), in planning and guiding surgical excision of vascular lesions.A patient with a suspected vascular malformation in the face was recruited for participation in this feasibility study. Two personalized three-dimensional models were printed based off 2 separate CTA examinations. These constructs were used in preoperative planning and navigating surgical excision. The three-dimensional constructs identified the vicinity of the lesion and highlighted significant anatomical structures including the infraorbital nerve and vessels supplying the area of vascular anomaly. On postoperative follow-up the patient reported no recurrence of swelling and no sensory deficits.A personalized three-dimensional printed model of a facial vascular lesion was developed based on CTA images and used in preoperative planning and navigating surgical excision. It was most useful in establishing dangerous areas during the dissection process, including critical anatomical structures such as the infraorbital nerve. Combining conventional imaging techniques with three-dimensional printing may lead to improved diagnosis of vascular malformations and should be considered a useful adjunct to surgical management.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of craniofacial surgery
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Process for making, building or constructing a physical object from a three-dimensional digital model by laying down many successive thin layers of building material.
A distinct vascular lesion in the PYLORIC ANTRUM that is characterized by tortuous dilated blood vessels (ectasia) radiating outward from the PYLORUS. The vessel pattern resembles the stripes on the surface of a watermelon. This lesion causes both acute and chronic GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE.
Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)
Rapidly growing vascular lesion along the midline axis of the neck, upper trunk, and extremities that is characterized by CONSUMPTION COAGULOPATHY; THROMBOCYTOPENIA; and HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA. It is often associated with infantile Kaposiform HEMANGIOENDOTHELIOMA and other vascular tumors such as tufted ANGIOMA.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
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Vascular relates to blood vessels (Oxford Medical Dictionary) and can be used to describe the supply of blood, a disease affecting the blood vessels or molecules associated with these structures. For example, <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->atherosclerosis ...
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