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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical psychopharmacology
Introduction Botulinum toxin has been used mainly in the treatment of muscular temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and hyperactivity of the masticatory muscles. It is used also as a therapeutic op...
Researchers have identified intolerance of uncertainty (IU) as a dysfunctional thought that contributes to OCD. Case examples of OCD suggest that uncertainty and anxiety persist despite low likelihood...
The aim of this work was to evaluate patients with chronic migraine treated with botulinum toxin A (BT-A) and compare this with low level laser therapy (LLLT), referencing: pain days, pain intensity, ...
Botulinum toxin injection (BTI) is the primary treatment for spasticity in children. Anxiety and pain are important concerns to address to attenuate the discomfort of BTI. The aim of this study was to...
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is a popular cosmetic therapy administered by both dentists and physicians. The ability of the toxin to locally paralyze muscles has led to the use of BTX as a potential therapy ...
The goal of this study is to see whether Botox is an effective treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD). Participants will complete two short surveys on depression and anxiety symptoms,...
Botulism is a severe form of food poisoning caused by bacteria. This bacteria produces several toxins one of which is botulinum toxin A. This toxin causes the symptoms of food poisoning....
This study examines botulinum toxin (BOTOX, or BTX) for the treatment of muscle twitches and spasticity associated with cerebral palsy in children. Botulinum toxin is a naturally occurring...
The specific aim of this trial is to determine if hydrodistention at the time of intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin A has additional benefit in patients with refractory overactive ...
The purpose of this study is to compare two types of botulinum toxin type A to treat the involuntary muscle contractions in the neck
Anxiety disorder characterized by the persistent and irrational fear, anxiety, or avoidance of social or performance situations.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type C which is neurotoxic to ANIMALS, especially CATTLE, but not humans. It causes dissociation of ACTIN FILAMENTS.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type D which is neurotoxic to ANIMALS, especially CATTLE, but not humans.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type B which is neurotoxic to humans and animals.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type F which is neurotoxic to humans and animals.
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...