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The aim of this study was to examine the relative frequency of and risk factors for prolonged opioid prescription (Rx_3-6: ≥1 opioid prescription of any length between 3 and 6 months postevent) and long-term opioid prescription (Rx_>6: ≥1 opioid prescription of any length >6 months postevent) after surgery/trauma.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of surgery
This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to evaluate the risk factors associated with postoperative opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD).
Opioid-related morbidity and mortality are major public health concerns, and the risk of long-term opioid use after shoulder arthroscopy is not well defined.
Falls are common after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). While previous studies have investigated various risk factors for falls in patients following THA and TKA, no sys...
Spine surgery has been identified as a risk factor for prolonged postoperative opioid use. Preoperative prediction of opioid use could improve risk stratification, shared decision making, and patient ...
To estimate the pooled relative risk of incident acute myocardial infraction (AMI) among HIV-infected adults compared to HIV-uninfected controls and explore the contribution of traditional and HIV-rel...
A systematic review examining outpatient opioid use identified only three pediatric studies published between 2015 and 2016. Of these three, two studies had a short-term follow up with pat...
This protocol is of a systematic review for risk factors of pulmonary arterial hypertension in systemic sclerosis.
The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of running a full-scale trial that compares two formats of a shortened systematic review to a full-length systematic review ...
Our previous work has identified the group of women at risk for prolonged pain, opioid use and poor functional recovery after childbirth. The optimal intervention to mitigate this risk is ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of delayed opioid cessation after surgery, where delayed opioid cessation is defined as patients taking opioids ≥90 days post-sur...
A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Coded listings of physician or other professional services using units that indicate the relative value of the various services they perform. They take into account time, skill, and overhead cost required for each service, but generally do not consider the relative cost-effectiveness. Appropriate conversion factors can be used to translate the abstract units of the relative value scales into dollar fees for each service based on work expended, practice costs, and training costs.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...