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Sciatic and Femoral Nerve Resection During Extended Radical Surgery for Advanced Pelvic Tumours: Long-term Survival, Functional, and Quality-of-life Outcomes.

08:00 EDT 7th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sciatic and Femoral Nerve Resection During Extended Radical Surgery for Advanced Pelvic Tumours: Long-term Survival, Functional, and Quality-of-life Outcomes."

To report survival, functional, and quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes after extended radical resection for advanced pelvic tumors with en bloc sciatic or femoral nerve resection.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Annals of surgery
ISSN: 1528-1140
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.

Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)

Disease involving the femoral nerve. The femoral nerve may be injured by ISCHEMIA (e.g., in association with DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES), nerve compression, trauma, COLLAGEN DISEASES, and other disease processes. Clinical features include MUSCLE WEAKNESS or PARALYSIS of hip flexion and knee extension, ATROPHY of the QUADRICEPS MUSCLE, reduced or absent patellar reflex, and impaired sensation over the anterior and medial thigh.

Radical mastectomy with removal of the ipsilateral half of the sternum and a portion of ribs two through five with the underlying pleura and the internal mammary lymph nodes.

The lateral of the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve. The peroneal (or fibular) nerve provides motor and sensory innervation to parts of the leg and foot.

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