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Personalised medicine in urothelial bladder cancer.

08:00 EDT 13th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Personalised medicine in urothelial bladder cancer."

Available treatment options and outcomes for patients suffering from urothelial bladder cancer, especially in the metastatic stage, have hardly improved over decades. However, the increasing use of high-throughput analyses and the concept of immune surveillance against tumours have recently changed our understanding of tumour biology in terms of tumour development and progression. Our knowledge of genetic mutations and molecular subtypes provides the possibility of tailor-made therapeutic approaches for patients suffering from bladder cancer. For example, changes in DNA repair signalling pathways are possible predictors of chemotherapy response, and targeted therapies using FGFR or PARP inhibitors are currently being tested in clinical trials. The extent to which molecular subtypes will find their way into clinical practice depends on the prospective evaluation of their prognostic and predictive value. The introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors is probably the most significant expansion of available treatment options in bladder cancer. Despite their promising results, however, a lot of questions remain to be answered, as only 25 % of patients respond. Again, this highlights the need for predictive biomarkers. The large inter- and intratumoural heterogeneity represents a particular challenge for the clinical implementation of personalised treatment options in bladder cancer. All in all, some important steps towards personalised medicine in urothelial bladder cancer have been taken in the past few years, but, for the most part, their prospective evaluation is still pending.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Aktuelle Urologie
ISSN: 1438-8820
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.

A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.

Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.

An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.

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