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Measuring the intraocular pressure in eyes with corneal diseases or after corneal interventions often results in false values due to abnormal corneal biomechanics. Many different approaches are used to compensate for these abnormal corneal biomechanic properties, with varying measuring methods. There are differences when these alternative measuring methods are compared to the gold standard, applanation tonometry according to Goldmann. These differences vary between the methods and with different corneal changes. There is no clear recommendation on a precise method that is suitable for every pathological cornea. Therefore it is important to know the different variations and to include them in the analysis of every patient's intraocular pressure analysis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
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The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Measurement of the thickness of the CORNEA.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...