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Biomass derived from low-value, high-volume invasive plant species is an attractive, alternative feedstock to produce biofuels and biochemicals. This study aimed to use the carboxylate platform to valorize the invasive leguminous shrub, Prosopis juliflora (Mesquite), by utilizing in vitro rumen fermentations without chemical pretreatment to produce volatile fatty acids. The three fractions of the mesquite: leaves (ProL), stems (ProS) and branches (ProB) were compared regarding chemical composition, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) digestibility at 7 time points and VFA production after 72 h with sugarcane bagasse (SCB) as a reference. NDF digestibility was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in ProL (35.8%) than ProS (30.4%) and ProB (20.9%) compared to SCB (21.9%). VFA concentrations from 20 g biomass L showed significant differences with 8.07, 6.71 and 6.51 g L for ProL, ProS and ProB respectively, while SCB yielded 4.02 g L. These concentrations were comparable with other platforms that employ chemically pretreated biomass for VFA production.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
The aim of this paper was to present the first report of Prosopis nigra poisoning of cattle in Argentina. Outbreaks occurred in five farms located in Salta and Santiago del Estero provinces. All anima...
Land use/land cover (LULC) dynamics and the resulting changes in ecosystems, as well as the services they provide, are a consequence of human activities and environmental drivers, such as invasive ali...
In this study, Prosopis juliflora biomass was co-liquefied with hydrocarbons rich paint waste for next generation fuel (bio-oil) production. Co-liquefaction (HTL) was performed at varying biomass to p...
Lizards have been reported as important pollinators on several oceanic islands. Here we evaluate the potential role of Galápagos lava lizards (Microlophus spp.) as pollinators across their radiation....
This study investigated the antifibrotic effect of Prosopis juliflora leaves crude methanolic extract (PJEL) against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis. The phytochemical analysis of PJEL was ...
This study is planned to characterize the pharmacokinetic properties of oseltamivir and the active product--oseltamivir carboxylate--in obesity in order to provide clinical guidance for th...
This multi-center, randomized, double-blind, multiple-dose, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study will assess the safety and PK of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and its carboxylate metabolite, ...
The main objective will be to determine the effectiveness of home non-invasive ventilation by flow-time and time-pressure curves analysis in a cohort of patients with this treatment by dig...
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of FK463 in patients with proven or probable invasive infections due to Aspergillus species.
To compare platform-switched implants to platform-matched implants for replacement of a single missing tooth and their effect on: 1) Interproximal alveolar crest level in relation to impla...
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of prosopis gum.
A group of enzymes that catalyze the reduction of 1-pyrroline carboxylate to proline in the presence of NAD(P)H. Includes both the 2-oxidoreductase (EC 188.8.131.52) and the 5-oxidoreductase (EC 184.108.40.206). The former also reduces 1-piperidine-2-carboxylate to pipecolate and the latter also reduces 1-pyrroline-3-hydroxy-5-carboxylate to hydroxyproline.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate to L-GLUTAMATE in the presence of NAD. Defects in the enzyme are the cause of hyperprolinemia II.
Lung infections with the invasive forms of ASPERGILLUS, usually after surgery, transplantation, prolonged NEUTROPENIA or treatment with high-doses of CORTICOSTEROIDS. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis can progress to CHRONIC NECROTIZING PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS or hematogenous spread to other organs.
An important nosocomial fungal infection with species of the genus CANDIDA, most frequently CANDIDA ALBICANS. Invasive candidiasis occurs when candidiasis goes beyond a superficial infection and manifests as CANDIDEMIA, deep tissue infection, or disseminated disease with deep organ involvement.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...