Grey water treatment in stacked multi-layer reactors with passive aeration and particle trapping.

08:00 EDT 29th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Grey water treatment in stacked multi-layer reactors with passive aeration and particle trapping."

When adequately treated, grey water represents a potent alternative water resource, as it constitutes a large proportion of household wastewater. The objective of this paper was to test a full scale version of a novel compact grey water treatment technology, based on passive aeration and particle trapping in multiple layers. Using a modified dual porosity filtration technology, grey water from a public bath was passed through a stack of eight reactors, each 0.75 m × 0.55 × 0.22 m, serially connected for gravity driven flow from top to bottom in a zig-zag pattern. The topmost reactor served as pre-filter for removal of hair and other larger debris. The lower seven reactors facilitated degradation of bulk organic contaminants in biofilm established on a stack of five fibrous polyamide nets, and trapping of particles by sedimentation on five interlaid corrugated plastic plates. By operating the reactors in a time-controlled batch-mode, the corrugated plates further served to trap air and thus ensure passive aeration of the subsequent batch. The production rate was 1.2 m/d and the hydraulic retention time 2 h, at an aerial footprint of 0.4 m, excluding storage tanks. After two weeks of initialization, a biofilm had established and the system was monitored for additionally three weeks. Significantly improved effluent quality was obtained as measured from reductions in turbidity (95%), total suspended solids (94%), chemical oxygen demand (87%), and microbiological parameters (55-98%), and from stable level of dissolved oxygen in effluent of 3.5 mg/L. Future optimization includes custom-made reactors for maximizing production capacity, improved removal of total N and total P, and addition of final disinfection.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Water research
ISSN: 1879-2448
Pages: 181-190


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