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The main objective of this study was to understand the interaction between salinity, temperature and inoculum size and how it could lead to the formation of efficient halothermotolerant bioanodes from the Hypersaline Sediment of Chott El Djerid (HSCE). Sixteen experiments on bioanode formation were designed using a Box-Behnken matrix and response surface methodology to understand synchronous interactions. All bioanode formations were conducted on 6 cm carbon felt electrodes polarized at -0.1 V/SCE and fed with lactate (5 g/L) at pH 7.0. Optimum levels for salinity, temperature and inoculum size were predicted by NemrodW software as 165 g/L, 45 °C and 20%, respectively, under which conditions maximum current production of 6.98 ± 0.06 A/m was experimentally validated. Metagenomic analysis of selected biofilms indicated a relative abundance of the two phyla Proteobacteria (from 85.96 to 89.47%) and Firmicutes (from 61.90 to 68.27%). At species level, enrichment of Psychrobacter aquaticus, Halanaerobium praevalens, Psychrobacter alimentaris, and Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus on carbon-based electrodes was correlated with high current production, high salinity and high temperature. Members of the halothermophilic bacteria pool from HSCE, individually or in consortia, are candidates for designing halothermotolerant bioanodes applicable in the bioelectrochemical treatment of industrial wastewater at high salinity and temperature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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