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Along with a growing interest in biomedical applications of metal-based nanoparticles, there is a compelling need in systematic information on their behavior in human body systems, preferably at the cellular level. However, in most of the in-vitro uptake experiments, the nanomaterial was applied in its native form that in reality can hardly reach the cell. In this work, we developed an improved procedure in which prior to addition to the cells the particles are converted into the protein conjugates by incubation in human serum. The procedure was tested for gold nanoparticles of different size, chosen as a representative nanomaterial on multifunctional medicinal use, and MCF-7 cell line. Using ICP-MS to measure intracellular metal concentration, it was shown that an original state has significant effect on particle internalization. The protein corona significantly inhibits the uptake amount by MCF-7 cells, with the greatest influence (a 15-fold decrease compared to uncoated particles) being exerted over the smallest, 5-nm particles (3 pg Au/cell). Conjugates of larger particles (20 and 50 nm) are taken up more effectively (45 and 34 pg Au/cell, respectively). The advanced protocol makes the uptake results more reliable and its implementation may accelerate the preclinical development of metal-based nanoparticles as a viable theranostic implement.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
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An assessment of a person's personality based on their facial and other external features.
One of the two major pharmacological subdivisions of adrenergic receptors. The alpha-beta distinction was originally based on cellular effects of receptor activation but now relies on the relative affinities for certain synthetic ligands. alpha-Adrenergic receptors are further subdivided into several subclasses based on studies of endogenous and cloned receptors.
The fusion of ceramics (porcelain) to an alloy of two or more metals for use in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry. Examples of metal alloys employed include cobalt-chromium, gold-palladium, gold-platinum-palladium, and nickel-based alloys.
One of the two major pharmacologically defined classes of adrenergic receptors. The alpha-beta distinction was originally based on the cellular effects of receptor activation but now relies on the relative affinities for characteristic synthetic ligands. Beta adrenergic receptors are further subdivided based on information from endogenous and cloned receptors.
Prejudice or discrimination based on gender or behavior or attitudes that foster stereotyped social roles based on gender.
Multiple Sclerosis MS
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